Impact of Food and Predation on the Snowshoe Hare Cycle. Krebs, C. J., Boutin, S., Boonstra, R., Sinclair, A. R. E., Smith, J. N. M., Dale, M. R. T., Martin, K., & Turkington, R. 269(5227):1112–1115.
Impact of Food and Predation on the Snowshoe Hare Cycle [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Snowshoe hare populations in the boreal forests of North America go through 10-year cycles. Supplemental food and mammalian predator abundance were manipulated in a factorial design on 1-square-kilometer areas for 8 years in the Yukon. Two blocks of forest were fertilized to test for nutrient effects. Predator exclosure doubled and food addition tripled hare density during the cyclic peak and decline. Predator exclosure combined with food addition increased density 11-fold. Added nutrients increased plant growth but not hare density. Food and predation together had a more than additive effect, which suggests that a three-trophic-level interaction generates hare cycles.
@article{krebsImpactFoodPredation1995,
  title = {Impact of Food and Predation on the Snowshoe Hare Cycle},
  author = {Krebs, C. J. and Boutin, S. and Boonstra, R. and Sinclair, A. R. E. and Smith, J. N. M. and Dale, M. R. T. and Martin, K. and Turkington, R.},
  date = {1995-08},
  journaltitle = {Science},
  volume = {269},
  pages = {1112--1115},
  issn = {1095-9203},
  doi = {10.1126/science.269.5227.1112},
  url = {http://mfkp.org/INRMM/article/14484568},
  abstract = {Snowshoe hare populations in the boreal forests of North America go through 10-year cycles. Supplemental food and mammalian predator abundance were manipulated in a factorial design on 1-square-kilometer areas for 8 years in the Yukon. Two blocks of forest were fertilized to test for nutrient effects. Predator exclosure doubled and food addition tripled hare density during the cyclic peak and decline. Predator exclosure combined with food addition increased density 11-fold. Added nutrients increased plant growth but not hare density. Food and predation together had a more than additive effect, which suggests that a three-trophic-level interaction generates hare cycles.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-14484568,~to-add-doi-URL,100-ecology-articles,boreal-forests,ecology,feedback,food-web,lepus-americanus,north-america,prey-predator},
  number = {5227}
}
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