Paper abstract bibtex

We evaluate the cosmological coalescence and detection rates for massive black hole (MBH) binaries targeted by the gravitational wave observatory Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (\\textbackslashit LISA\). Our calculation starts with a population of gravitationally unbound MBH pairs, drawn from the TNG50-3 cosmological simulation, and follows their orbital evolution from kpc scales all the way to coalescence using a semi-analytic model developed in our previous work. We find that for a majority of MBH pairs that coalesce within a Hubble time dynamical friction is the most important mechanism that determines their coalescence rate. Our model predicts a MBH coalescence rate \${\textbackslash}lesssim 0.45\$\textasciitildeyr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$ and a \\textbackslashit LISA\ detection rate \${\textbackslash}lesssim 0.34\$\textasciitildeyr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$. Most \\textbackslashit LISA\ detections should originate from \$10{\textasciicircum}\{{\textbackslash}rm 6\} - 10{\textasciicircum}\{{\textbackslash}rm 6.8\}{\textbackslash},M_\{{\textbackslash}rm {\textbackslash}odot\}\$ MBHs in gas-rich galaxies at redshifts \$1.6 {\textbackslash}leq z {\textbackslash}leq 2.4\$, and have a characteristic signal to noise ratio SNR \${\textbackslash}sim 100\$. We however find a dramatic reduction in the coalescence and detection rates, as well as the average SNR, if the effects of radiative feedback from accreting MBHs are taken into account. In this case, the MBH coalescence rate is reduced by \$78{\textbackslash}%\$ (to \${\textbackslash}lesssim 0.1\$\textasciitildeyr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$), and the \textbackslashtextit\LISA\ detection rate is reduced by \$94{\textbackslash}%\$ (to \$0.02\$\textasciitildeyr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$), whereas the average SNR is \${\textbackslash}sim 10\$. We emphasize that our model provides a lower limit on the \textbackslashtextit\LISA\ detection rate, consistent with other works in the literature that draw their MBH pairs from cosmological simulations.

@article{kunyang_massive_2022, title = {Massive {Black} {Hole} {Binaries} from the {TNG50} {Simulation}: {I}. {Coalescence} and {\textbackslash}textit\{{LISA}\} {Detection} {Rates}}, shorttitle = {Massive {Black} {Hole} {Binaries} from the {TNG50} {Simulation}}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/2201.11088}, abstract = {We evaluate the cosmological coalescence and detection rates for massive black hole (MBH) binaries targeted by the gravitational wave observatory Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (\{{\textbackslash}it LISA\}). Our calculation starts with a population of gravitationally unbound MBH pairs, drawn from the TNG50-3 cosmological simulation, and follows their orbital evolution from kpc scales all the way to coalescence using a semi-analytic model developed in our previous work. We find that for a majority of MBH pairs that coalesce within a Hubble time dynamical friction is the most important mechanism that determines their coalescence rate. Our model predicts a MBH coalescence rate \${\textbackslash}lesssim 0.45\${\textasciitilde}yr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$ and a \{{\textbackslash}it LISA\} detection rate \${\textbackslash}lesssim 0.34\${\textasciitilde}yr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$. Most \{{\textbackslash}it LISA\} detections should originate from \$10{\textasciicircum}\{{\textbackslash}rm 6\} - 10{\textasciicircum}\{{\textbackslash}rm 6.8\}{\textbackslash},M\_\{{\textbackslash}rm {\textbackslash}odot\}\$ MBHs in gas-rich galaxies at redshifts \$1.6 {\textbackslash}leq z {\textbackslash}leq 2.4\$, and have a characteristic signal to noise ratio SNR \${\textbackslash}sim 100\$. We however find a dramatic reduction in the coalescence and detection rates, as well as the average SNR, if the effects of radiative feedback from accreting MBHs are taken into account. In this case, the MBH coalescence rate is reduced by \$78{\textbackslash}\%\$ (to \${\textbackslash}lesssim 0.1\${\textasciitilde}yr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$), and the {\textbackslash}textit\{LISA\} detection rate is reduced by \$94{\textbackslash}\%\$ (to \$0.02\${\textasciitilde}yr\${\textasciicircum}\{-1\}\$), whereas the average SNR is \${\textbackslash}sim 10\$. We emphasize that our model provides a lower limit on the {\textbackslash}textit\{LISA\} detection rate, consistent with other works in the literature that draw their MBH pairs from cosmological simulations.}, urldate = {2022-01-27}, journal = {arXiv:2201.11088 [astro-ph]}, author = {Kunyang and Li and Bogdanović, Tamara and Ballantyne, David R. and Bonetti, Matteo}, month = jan, year = {2022}, note = {arXiv: 2201.11088}, keywords = {Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies}, }

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