Royalties vs. upfront lump-sum fees in data communication environments. Kwon, Y. & Kim, B. Telecommunications Policy.
Royalties vs. upfront lump-sum fees in data communication environments [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Mobile communications markets worldwide, today, are saturated, the number of mobile network operators (MNOs) in market is declining, mobile revenues are stagnant or falling, MNOs are becoming wireless Internet service providers, and economies of scope are strengthening. This paper challenges existing dominant views on spectrum assignment and license fee payments, estimates spectrum fees that MNOs would have paid under royalties and then compares them with upfront lump-sum fees actually paid by 3G licensees. This paper further proposes that governments need to consider assigning additional spectrum to incumbents as needs arise without using auctions and adopting royalties as a way of collecting spectrum fees should they collect them.
@article{kwon_royalties_????,
	title = {Royalties vs. upfront lump-sum fees in data communication environments},
	issn = {0308-5961},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308596111002102},
	doi = {10.1016/j.telpol.2011.11.017},
	abstract = {Mobile communications markets worldwide, today, are saturated, the number of mobile network operators (MNOs) in market is declining, mobile revenues are stagnant or falling, MNOs are becoming wireless Internet service providers, and economies of scope are strengthening. This paper challenges existing dominant views on spectrum assignment and license fee payments, estimates spectrum fees that MNOs would have paid under royalties and then compares them with upfront lump-sum fees actually paid by 3G licensees. This paper further proposes that governments need to consider assigning additional spectrum to incumbents as needs arise without using auctions and adopting royalties as a way of collecting spectrum fees should they collect them.},
	urldate = {2011-12-16},
	journal = {Telecommunications Policy},
	author = {Kwon, Youngsun and Kim, Buhm-Kyu},
	keywords = {Auction, Economies of scope, Lump-sum fee, Royalty, Spectrum},
	file = {ScienceDirect Snapshot:files/22079/S0308596111002102.html:text/html;science.pdf:files/29227/science.pdf:application/pdf;scijuhyence.pdf:files/36042/scijuhyence.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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