Ultrasonographic diagnosis of congenital portosystemic shunt in 14 cats. Lamb, C., R., Forster-van Hijfte, M., A., White, R., N., McEvoy, F., J., & Rutgers, H., C. The Journal of small animal practice, 37(5):205-209, 1996.
abstract   bibtex   
Twenty-four cats with clinical and, or, clinicopathological signs compatible with portosystemic shunting were examined prospectively using two-dimensional grey-scale, duplex and colour-flow Doppler ultrasonography. Diagnosis of congenital portosystemic shunt was subsequently confirmed in 14 cats using operative mesenteric portography and surgery. Of the 14 affected cats, nine were purebred; eight were male and six female. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was nine months (range four to 27 months). Ultrasonographic evidence of a small liver was present in seven cats (50 per cent); visibility of intrahepatic portal vessels was reduced in three (21 per cent). An anomalous blood vessel was identified ultrasonographically in each cat; in 10 cats (71 per cent) the vessel was observed to originate from the portal vein and drain into the caudal vena cava. Abnormally variable portal blood flow was present in eight of the 10 cats in which it was measured. At surgery, six shunts were intrahepatic and eight extrahepatic; the ultrasonographic diagnosis of intra- versus extrahepatic shunt was correct in 13 cats (93 per cent). No anomalous blood vessels or abnormalities affecting the portal vein were detected ultrasonographically in any of the 10 cats that did not have congenital portosystemic shunting. Hence, the accuracy of ultrasonography for diagnosis of congenital portosystemic shunting in this series was 100 per cent.
@article{
 title = {Ultrasonographic diagnosis of congenital portosystemic shunt in 14 cats},
 type = {article},
 year = {1996},
 identifiers = {[object Object]},
 keywords = {Abnormalities/radiography/ultrasonography/veterina,Animals,Cats/abnormalities,Female,Male,Portal System/abnormalities/physiology/ultrasonogr,Portal Vein/abnormalities/physiology/ultrasonograp,Portography/veterinary,Prospective Studies,Regional Blood Flow/physiology,Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/veterinary,Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex/veterinary,Venae Cavae/abnormalities/physiology/ultrasonograp},
 pages = {205-209},
 volume = {37},
 city = {Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Hertfordshire.},
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 abstract = {Twenty-four cats with clinical and, or, clinicopathological signs compatible with portosystemic shunting were examined prospectively using two-dimensional grey-scale, duplex and colour-flow Doppler ultrasonography. Diagnosis of congenital portosystemic shunt was subsequently confirmed in 14 cats using operative mesenteric portography and surgery. Of the 14 affected cats, nine were purebred; eight were male and six female. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was nine months (range four to 27 months). Ultrasonographic evidence of a small liver was present in seven cats (50 per cent); visibility of intrahepatic portal vessels was reduced in three (21 per cent). An anomalous blood vessel was identified ultrasonographically in each cat; in 10 cats (71 per cent) the vessel was observed to originate from the portal vein and drain into the caudal vena cava. Abnormally variable portal blood flow was present in eight of the 10 cats in which it was measured. At surgery, six shunts were intrahepatic and eight extrahepatic; the ultrasonographic diagnosis of intra- versus extrahepatic shunt was correct in 13 cats (93 per cent). No anomalous blood vessels or abnormalities affecting the portal vein were detected ultrasonographically in any of the 10 cats that did not have congenital portosystemic shunting. Hence, the accuracy of ultrasonography for diagnosis of congenital portosystemic shunting in this series was 100 per cent.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Lamb, C R and Forster-van Hijfte, M A and White, R N and McEvoy, F J and Rutgers, H C},
 journal = {The Journal of small animal practice},
 number = {5}
}
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