Scientific Discovery as Link Prediction in Influence and Citation Graphs. Luo, F., Valenzuela-Escarcega, M. A., Hahn-Powell, G., & Surdeanu, M. In TextGraphs: 12th Workshop on Graph-Based Natural Language Processing, 2018. NAACL.
Scientific Discovery as Link Prediction in Influence and Citation Graphs [pdf]Slides  Scientific Discovery as Link Prediction in Influence and Citation Graphs [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
We introduce a machine learning approach for the identification of ``white spaces'' in scientific knowledge. Our approach addresses this task as link prediction over a graph that contains over 2M influence statements such as ``CTCF activates FOXA1'', which were automatically extracted using open-domain machine reading. We model this prediction task using graph-based features extracted from the above influence graph, as well as from a citation graph that captures scientific communities. We evaluated the proposed approach through backtesting. Although the data is heavily unbalanced (50 times more negative examples than positives), our approach predicts which influence links will be discovered in the ``near future'' with a F1 score of 27 points, and a mean average precision of 68%.

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