Nutrient-driven genome evolution revealed by comparative genomics of chrysomonad flagellates. Majda, S., Beisser, D., & Boenigk, J. Communications Biology, 4(1):328, Springer Science and Business Media LLC, Mar, 2021.
Nutrient-driven genome evolution revealed by comparative genomics of chrysomonad flagellates [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Phototrophic eukaryotes have evolved mainly by the primary or secondary uptake of photosynthetic organisms. A return to heterotrophy occurred multiple times in various protistan groups such as Chrysophyceae, despite the expected advantage of autotrophy. It is assumed that the evolutionary shift to mixotrophy and further to heterotrophy is triggered by a differential importance of nutrient and carbon limitation. We sequenced the genomes of 16 chrysophyte strains and compared them in terms of size, function, and sequence characteristics in relation to photo-, mixo- and heterotrophic nutrition. All strains were sequenced with Illumina and partly with PacBio. Heterotrophic taxa have reduced genomes and a higher GC content of up to 59% as compared to phototrophic taxa. Heterotrophs have a large pan genome, but a small core genome, indicating a differential specialization of the distinct lineages. The pan genome of mixotrophs and heterotrophs taken together but not the pan genome of the mixotrophs alone covers the complete functionality of the phototrophic strains indicating a random reduction of genes. The observed ploidy ranges from di- to tetraploidy and was found to be independent of taxonomy or trophic mode. Our results substantiate an evolution driven by nutrient and carbon limitation.
@Article{Majda2021,
  author    = {Stephan Majda and Daniela Beisser and Jens Boenigk},
  journal   = {Communications Biology},
  title     = {Nutrient-driven genome evolution revealed by comparative genomics of chrysomonad flagellates},
  year      = {2021},
  month     = {Mar},
  number    = {1},
  pages     = {328},
  volume    = {4},
  abstract  = {Phototrophic eukaryotes have evolved mainly by the primary or secondary uptake of photosynthetic organisms. A return to heterotrophy occurred multiple times in various protistan groups such as Chrysophyceae, despite the expected advantage of autotrophy. It is assumed that the evolutionary shift to mixotrophy and further to heterotrophy is triggered by a differential importance of nutrient and carbon limitation. We sequenced the genomes of 16 chrysophyte strains and compared them in terms of size, function, and sequence characteristics in relation to photo-, mixo- and heterotrophic nutrition. All strains were sequenced with Illumina and partly with PacBio. Heterotrophic taxa have reduced genomes and a higher GC content of up to 59% as compared to phototrophic taxa. Heterotrophs have a large pan genome, but a small core genome, indicating a differential specialization of the distinct lineages. The pan genome of mixotrophs and heterotrophs taken together but not the pan genome of the mixotrophs alone covers the complete functionality of the phototrophic strains indicating a random reduction of genes. The observed ploidy ranges from di- to tetraploidy and was found to be independent of taxonomy or trophic mode. Our results substantiate an evolution driven by nutrient and carbon limitation.},
  doi       = {10.1038/s42003-021-01781-3},
  keywords  = {paper},
  publisher = {Springer Science and Business Media {LLC}},
  url       = {https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-01781-3},
}

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