Determining the ratio of vancomycin-resistant enterococci of hospitalized patients in ICU sectors of hospitals dependent on medical sciences university of Zanjan, 2015. Manizheh J., Majid M., Parvin S., & Drahmadreza M. 2016.
Determining the ratio of vancomycin-resistant enterococci of hospitalized patients in ICU sectors of hospitals dependent on medical sciences university of Zanjan, 2015 [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Background and purpose: Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus can cause serious infections in ICU patients. Enterococci are the major prevalent reasons of hospital infections especially in ICU. In patients, the most prevalent places of infection are: urinary tract, wounds, bilious system and blood. Enterococcus may create meningitis and sepsis in infants and endocarditis in adults. Current study was done with the purpose of evaluating the prevalence amount of colonialization with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus in hospitalized patients in ICU sections of hospitals dependent on medical sciences university of Zanjan in 2015. Methodology: this research is a descriptive study of sectional kind. The research population included 140 hospitalized patients in the special care sectors dependent on medical sciences university of Zanjan that at least 72 hours elapsed since their hospitalization time. The samples were selected by random sampling method with rectal swab (excrement culture) over six months. The amount of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus was considered with Diffusion Disk Method according to the world standard and the results were evaluated according to CLSI instruction and the data were analyzed by using of frequency distribution tables and also Chisquare tests, T-TEST, Mann-Whitney Test. Findings: From among 140 enterococci isolated from patients, excrement in hospital (72.1%), 101 enterococci were diagnosed with Disk Diffusion Method to the resistant vancomycin that our study indicates at least 72.1% of hospitalized patients in ICU are carrier of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus. In this study, no meaningful relation was found between gender, hospitalization time period, and also discharge or death of patients, previous consumption of antibiotic, digestive manipulation and Foley catheter insertion and prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus. But meaningful relation was found between high age and prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (P=0.05). Conclusion: With regard to the high prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (72.1%), it is suggested that more studies to be accomplished in the field of evaluation of new antibiotics that nowadays are introduced for treating the enterococcus infections.
@misc{manizheh_j._determining_2016,
	title = {Determining the ratio of vancomycin-resistant enterococci of hospitalized patients in {ICU} sectors of hospitals dependent on medical sciences university of {Zanjan}, 2015},
	url = {http://www.actamedicamediterranea.com/index.php},
	abstract = {Background and purpose: Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus can cause serious infections in ICU patients. Enterococci are the major prevalent reasons of hospital infections especially in ICU. In patients, the most prevalent places of infection are: urinary tract, wounds, bilious system and blood. Enterococcus may create meningitis and sepsis in infants and endocarditis in adults. Current study was done with the purpose of evaluating the prevalence amount of colonialization with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus in hospitalized patients in ICU sections of hospitals dependent on medical sciences university of Zanjan in 2015. Methodology: this research is a descriptive study of sectional kind. The research population included 140 hospitalized patients in the special care sectors dependent on medical sciences university of Zanjan that at least 72 hours elapsed since their hospitalization time. The samples were selected by random sampling method with rectal swab (excrement culture) over six months. The amount of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus was considered with Diffusion Disk Method according to the world standard and the results were evaluated according to CLSI instruction and the data were analyzed by using of frequency distribution tables and also Chisquare tests, T-TEST, Mann-Whitney Test. Findings: From among 140 enterococci isolated from patients, excrement in hospital (72.1\%), 101 enterococci were diagnosed with Disk Diffusion Method to the resistant vancomycin that our study indicates at least 72.1\% of hospitalized patients in ICU are carrier of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus. In this study, no meaningful relation was found between gender, hospitalization time period, and also discharge or death of patients, previous consumption of antibiotic, digestive manipulation and Foley catheter insertion and prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus. But meaningful relation was found between high age and prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (P=0.05). Conclusion: With regard to the high prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (72.1\%), it is suggested that more studies to be accomplished in the field of evaluation of new antibiotics that nowadays are introduced for treating the enterococcus infections.},
	journal = {Acta Medica Mediterranea},
	author = {{Manizheh J.} and {Majid M.} and {Parvin S.} and {Drahmadreza M.}},
	year = {2016},
	keywords = {*disk diffusion, *hospital patient, *medicine, *nonhuman, *university, *vancomycin, *vancomycin resistant Enterococcus, Foley balloon catheter, Student t test, adult, age, aged, amikacin, article, cefazolin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, clinical evaluation, controlled study, cotrimoxazole, death, descriptive research, diagnosis, disease carrier, drug resistance, endocarditis, enterococcal infection, female, field study, gender, gentamicin, hospital patient, hospitalization, human, infant, intensive care unit, major clinical study, male, meningitis, nalidixic acid, population research, prevalence, rank sum test, rectum, sampling, sepsis, teicoplanin, vancomycin, very elderly}
}
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