Submerged Barriers in the Ni+ Assisted Decomposition of Propionaldehyde. Mansell, A., Theis, Z., Gutierrez, M., Faza, O., Lopez, C., & Bellert, D. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 120(15):2275-2284, 2016.
doi  abstract   bibtex   
The reaction dynamics of the Ni+ mediated decarbonylation of propionaldehyde was assessed using the single photon initiated decomposition rearrangement reaction (SPIDRR) technique. The exothermic production of Ni+CO was temporally monitored and the associated rate constants, k(E), were extracted as a function of activating photon energy. In addition, the reaction potential energy surface was calculated at the UCCSD(T)/def2-TZVP//PBEPBE/cc-pVDZ level of theory to provide an atomistic description of the reaction profile. The decarbonylation of propionaldehyde can be understood as proceeding through parallel competitive reaction pathways that are initiated by Ni+ insertion into either the C-C or C-H bond of the propionaldehyde carbonyl carbon. Both paths lead to the elimination of neutral ethane and are governed by submerged barriers. The lower energy sequence is a consecutive C-C/C-H addition process with a submerged barrier of 14 350 ± 600 cm-1. The higher energy sequence is a consecutive C-H/C-C addition process with a submerged barrier of 15 400 ± 600 cm-1. Both barriers were determined using RRKM calculations fit to the experimentally determined k(E) values. The measured energy difference between the two barriers agrees with the DFT computed difference in rate limiting transition-state energies, 18 413 and 19 495 cm-1. © 2016 American Chemical Society.
@ARTICLE{Mansell20162275,
author={Mansell, A. and Theis, Z. and Gutierrez, M.G. and Faza, O.N. and Lopez, C.S. and Bellert, D.J.},
title={Submerged Barriers in the Ni+ Assisted Decomposition of Propionaldehyde},
journal={Journal of Physical Chemistry A},
year={2016},
volume={120},
number={15},
pages={2275-2284},
doi={10.1021/acs.jpca.5b08444},
abstract={The reaction dynamics of the Ni+ mediated decarbonylation of propionaldehyde was assessed using the single photon initiated decomposition rearrangement reaction (SPIDRR) technique. The exothermic production of Ni+CO was temporally monitored and the associated rate constants, k(E), were extracted as a function of activating photon energy. In addition, the reaction potential energy surface was calculated at the UCCSD(T)/def2-TZVP//PBEPBE/cc-pVDZ level of theory to provide an atomistic description of the reaction profile. The decarbonylation of propionaldehyde can be understood as proceeding through parallel competitive reaction pathways that are initiated by Ni+ insertion into either the C-C or C-H bond of the propionaldehyde carbonyl carbon. Both paths lead to the elimination of neutral ethane and are governed by submerged barriers. The lower energy sequence is a consecutive C-C/C-H addition process with a submerged barrier of 14 350 ± 600 cm-1. The higher energy sequence is a consecutive C-H/C-C addition process with a submerged barrier of 15 400 ± 600 cm-1. Both barriers were determined using RRKM calculations fit to the experimentally determined k(E) values. The measured energy difference between the two barriers agrees with the DFT computed difference in rate limiting transition-state energies, 18 413 and 19 495 cm-1. © 2016 American Chemical Society.},
}
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