Studies into Fungal Decay of Wood In Ground Contact—Part 1: The Influence of Water-Holding Capacity, Moisture Content, and Temperature of Soil Substrates on Fungal Decay of Selected Timbers. Marais, B. N.; Brischke, C.; Militz, H.; Peters, J. H.; and Reinhardt, L. Forests, 11(12):1284, November, 2020.
Studies into Fungal Decay of Wood In Ground Contact—Part 1: The Influence of Water-Holding Capacity, Moisture Content, and Temperature of Soil Substrates on Fungal Decay of Selected Timbers [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
This article presents the results from two separate studies investigating the decay of wood in ground contact using adapted versions of laboratory-based terrestrial microcosm (TMC) tests according to CEN/TS 15083-2:2005. The first study (A) sought to isolate the effect of soil water-holding capacity (WHCsoil [%]) and soil moisture content (MCsoil [%WHCsoil]) on the decay of five commercially important wood species; European beech (Fagus sylvatica), English oak heartwood (Quercus robur), Norway spruce (Picea abies), Douglas-fir heartwood (Pseudotsuga menziesii), and Scots pine sapwood (Pinus sylvestris), while keeping soil temperature (Tsoil) constant. Combinations of soil mixtures with WHCsoil of 30%, 60%, and 90%, and MCsoil of 30%, 70%, and 95%WHCsoil were utilized. A general trend showed higher wood decay, measured in oven-dry mass loss (MLwood [%]), for specimens of all species incubated in soils with WHCsoil of 60% and 90% compared to 30%. Furthermore, drier soils (MCsoil of 30 and 70%WHCsoil) showed higher MLwood compared to wetter soils (95%WHCsoil). The second study (B) built on the first’s findings, and sought to isolate the effect of Tsoil and MCsoil on the decay of European beech wood, while keeping WHCsoil constant. The study used constant incubation temperature intervals (Tsoil), 5–40 ◦C, and alternating intervals of 10/20, 10/30, and 20/30 ◦C. A general trend showed drier MCsoil (60%WHCsoil), and Tsoil of 20–40 ◦C, delivered high wood decay (MLwood \textgreater 20%). Higher MCsoil (90%WHCsoil) and Tsoil of 5–10 ◦C, delivered low wood decay (MLwood \textless 5%). Alternating Tsoil generally delivered less MLwood compared to their mean constant Tsoil counterparts (15, 20, 25 ◦C). The results suggest that differences in wood species and inoculum potential (WHCsoil) between sites, as well as changes in MCsoil and Tsoil attributed to daily and seasonal weather patterns can influence in-ground wood decay rate.
@article{marais_studies_2020,
	title = {Studies into {Fungal} {Decay} of {Wood} {In} {Ground} {Contact}—{Part} 1: {The} {Influence} of {Water}-{Holding} {Capacity}, {Moisture} {Content}, and {Temperature} of {Soil} {Substrates} on {Fungal} {Decay} of {Selected} {Timbers}},
	volume = {11},
	issn = {1999-4907},
	shorttitle = {Studies into {Fungal} {Decay} of {Wood} {In} {Ground} {Contact}—{Part} 1},
	url = {https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/11/12/1284},
	doi = {10.3390/f11121284},
	abstract = {This article presents the results from two separate studies investigating the decay of wood in ground contact using adapted versions of laboratory-based terrestrial microcosm (TMC) tests according to CEN/TS 15083-2:2005. The first study (A) sought to isolate the effect of soil water-holding capacity (WHCsoil [\%]) and soil moisture content (MCsoil [\%WHCsoil]) on the decay of five commercially important wood species; European beech (Fagus sylvatica), English oak heartwood (Quercus robur), Norway spruce (Picea abies), Douglas-fir heartwood (Pseudotsuga menziesii), and Scots pine sapwood (Pinus sylvestris), while keeping soil temperature (Tsoil) constant. Combinations of soil mixtures with WHCsoil of 30\%, 60\%, and 90\%, and MCsoil of 30\%, 70\%, and 95\%WHCsoil were utilized. A general trend showed higher wood decay, measured in oven-dry mass loss (MLwood [\%]), for specimens of all species incubated in soils with WHCsoil of 60\% and 90\% compared to 30\%. Furthermore, drier soils (MCsoil of 30 and 70\%WHCsoil) showed higher MLwood compared to wetter soils (95\%WHCsoil). The second study (B) built on the first’s findings, and sought to isolate the effect of Tsoil and MCsoil on the decay of European beech wood, while keeping WHCsoil constant. The study used constant incubation temperature intervals (Tsoil), 5–40 ◦C, and alternating intervals of 10/20, 10/30, and 20/30 ◦C. A general trend showed drier MCsoil (60\%WHCsoil), and Tsoil of 20–40 ◦C, delivered high wood decay (MLwood {\textgreater} 20\%). Higher MCsoil (90\%WHCsoil) and Tsoil of 5–10 ◦C, delivered low wood decay (MLwood {\textless} 5\%). Alternating Tsoil generally delivered less MLwood compared to their mean constant Tsoil counterparts (15, 20, 25 ◦C). The results suggest that differences in wood species and inoculum potential (WHCsoil) between sites, as well as changes in MCsoil and Tsoil attributed to daily and seasonal weather patterns can influence in-ground wood decay rate.},
	language = {en},
	number = {12},
	urldate = {2020-12-03},
	journal = {Forests},
	author = {Marais, Brendan Nicholas and Brischke, Christian and Militz, Holger and Peters, Johann Hinrich and Reinhardt, Lena},
	month = nov,
	year = {2020},
	pages = {1284},
	file = {Marais et al. - 2020 - Studies into Fungal Decay of Wood In Ground Contac.pdf:C\:\\Users\\Eva\\Zotero\\storage\\NZ3RZLBZ\\Marais et al. - 2020 - Studies into Fungal Decay of Wood In Ground Contac.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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