Tools Approaches. Margetts, H. & Hood, C. In Peters, B. G. & Zittoun, P., editors, Contemporary Approaches to Public Policy, of International Series on Public Policy, pages 133--154. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016. DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-50494-4_8
Tools Approaches [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Tools or instruments-based approaches, with their promise to break down the abstract complexity of the policy concept, have a long history in the study of public policy. This chapter outlines the main variants of the tools approach, showing how they range from looking inside government to identify different institutional forms as tools to treating government as a “black box” and identifying generic tools or resources independent of the institutions that wield them. The chapter discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each variant and assesses how they cope with change in the policy-making environment by focusing on one particularly fast-moving and important change—the availability of digital tools and data for policy-making, and the widespread use of such tools by citizens.
@incollection{margetts_tools_2016,
	series = {International {Series} on {Public} {Policy}},
	title = {Tools {Approaches}},
	copyright = {©2016 The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s)},
	isbn = {978-1-137-50493-7 978-1-137-50494-4},
	url = {http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/978-1-137-50494-4_8},
	abstract = {Tools or instruments-based approaches, with their promise to break down the abstract complexity of the policy concept, have a long history in the study of public policy. This chapter outlines the main variants of the tools approach, showing how they range from looking inside government to identify different institutional forms as tools to treating government as a “black box” and identifying generic tools or resources independent of the institutions that wield them. The chapter discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each variant and assesses how they cope with change in the policy-making environment by focusing on one particularly fast-moving and important change—the availability of digital tools and data for policy-making, and the widespread use of such tools by citizens.},
	language = {en},
	urldate = {2016-05-31},
	booktitle = {Contemporary {Approaches} to {Public} {Policy}},
	publisher = {Palgrave Macmillan UK},
	author = {Margetts, Helen and Hood, Christopher},
	editor = {Peters, B. Guy and Zittoun, Philippe},
	year = {2016},
	note = {DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-50494-4\_8},
	keywords = {Comparative Politics, Economic Policy, Public policy},
	pages = {133--154},
	file = {chp%3A10.1057%2F978-1-137-50494-4_8.pdf:files/56423/chp%3A10.1057%2F978-1-137-50494-4_8.pdf:application/pdf;Snapshot:files/54780/978-1-137-50494-4_8.html:text/html}
}
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