Growth Critique in the 1970s Crisis and Today: Malthusianism, Social Mechanics, and Labor Discipline. Markantonatou, M. New Political Science, 38(1):23–43, January, 2016. 00000
Growth Critique in the 1970s Crisis and Today: Malthusianism, Social Mechanics, and Labor Discipline [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
This article examines the perspective on labor in two critiques of “growth” as elaborated in the context of two capitalist crises: the Keynesian model of industrial development in the 1970s, and the neoliberal finance capitalist growth model of today. A landmark event for the first critique was the publication of the “Limits to Growth” report, and for the second the emergence of the “degrowth” theoretical current. Both critiques have a Malthusian point of departure, and their view on overpopulation is accordingly discussed. Comparison between them shows that despite their ecological and supposedly socially and politically neutral point of departure, both bodies of critique examined here—that of the 1970s and the contemporary one—prescribe for labor the obligation of social discipline and acceptance of labor-market insecurity, along with the undermining of welfare rights. First, I argue that there is no such thing as an ahistorical critique of growth, but only critiques of different, case- specific models of growth in each particular instance. Second, I argue that the idea of a steady-state economy that predominates in growth critical programs is incompatible with the process of expansion and continual enlargement inherent to capitalism. Finally, I argue that, in the framework of two different crises, both critiques of growth promoted a vision of social pacification and, on the basis of ecological arguments, justified the preservation of capitalist power relations.
@article{markantonatou_growth_2016,
	title = {Growth {Critique} in the 1970s {Crisis} and {Today}: {Malthusianism}, {Social} {Mechanics}, and {Labor} {Discipline}},
	volume = {38},
	issn = {0739-3148, 1469-9931},
	shorttitle = {Growth {Critique} in the 1970s {Crisis} and {Today}},
	url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07393148.2015.1125117},
	doi = {10.1080/07393148.2015.1125117},
	abstract = {This  article  examines  the  perspective  on  labor  in  two  critiques  of  
“growth”  as  elaborated  in  the  context  of  two  capitalist  crises:  the  
Keynesian  model  of  industrial  development  in  the  1970s,  and  the  
neoliberal finance capitalist growth model of today. A landmark event 
for  the  first  critique  was  the  publication  of  the  “Limits  to  Growth”  
report, and for the second the emergence of the “degrowth” theoretical 
current.  Both  critiques  have  a  Malthusian  point  of  departure,  and  
their view on overpopulation is accordingly discussed. Comparison 
between  them  shows  that  despite  their  ecological  and  supposedly  
socially  and  politically  neutral  point  of  departure,  both  bodies  of  
critique  examined  here—that  of  the  1970s  and  the  contemporary  
one—prescribe  for  labor  the  obligation  of  social  discipline  and  
acceptance of labor-market insecurity, along with the undermining 
of  welfare  rights.  First,  I  argue  that  there  is  no  such  thing  as  an  
ahistorical  critique  of  growth,  but  only  critiques  of  different,  case-
specific models of growth in each particular instance. Second, I argue 
that the idea of a steady-state economy that predominates in growth 
critical programs is incompatible with the process of expansion and 
continual  enlargement  inherent  to  capitalism.  Finally,  I  argue  that,  
in  the  framework  of  two  different  crises,  both  critiques  of  growth  
promoted a vision of social pacification and, on the basis of ecological 
arguments, justified the preservation of capitalist power relations.},
	language = {en},
	number = {1},
	urldate = {2016-12-15},
	journal = {New Political Science},
	author = {Markantonatou, Maria},
	month = jan,
	year = {2016},
	note = {00000},
	keywords = {collapse, contrarian, limits-to-growth},
	pages = {23--43},
	file = {Markantonatou - 2016 - Growth Critique in the 1970s Crisis and Today Mal.pdf:C\:\\Users\\rsrs\\Documents\\Zotero Database\\storage\\JEBF6797\\Markantonatou - 2016 - Growth Critique in the 1970s Crisis and Today Mal.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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