Regional Signs of Medieval Musical Instruments. Matoušek, L. Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft, 12:207–212, 1994.
abstract   bibtex   
Many European musical instruments of the Middle Ages were influenced by eastern styles. Arabic ornaments are seen on many soundboard decorations of necked chordophones in southern Europe; this Arab iconographic influence is not found elsewhere in medieval Europe. There are two types of medieval harp resonators. One type is flat, narrower at the top than at the bottom, and was used throughout medieval Europe. The other type, called the Atlantic harp, is strikingly wide at the top, and was found exclusively in iconographic sources from England and Francophone areas. European psaltery players held their instruments with the strings horizontal. In Czech illustrations of the 14th and 15th c., the player almost always held the psaltery so that the strings were vertical. The holding position of a psaltery points to Czech origin.
@article{matousek_regional_1994,
	title = {Regional {Signs} of {Medieval} {Musical} {Instruments}},
	volume = {12},
	abstract = {Many European musical instruments of the Middle Ages were influenced by eastern styles. Arabic ornaments are seen on many soundboard decorations of necked chordophones in southern Europe; this Arab iconographic influence is not found elsewhere in medieval Europe. There are two types of medieval harp resonators. One type is flat, narrower at the top than at the bottom, and was used throughout medieval Europe. The other type, called the Atlantic harp, is strikingly wide at the top, and was found exclusively in iconographic sources from England and Francophone areas. European psaltery players held their instruments with the strings horizontal. In Czech illustrations of the 14th and 15th c., the player almost always held the psaltery so that the strings were vertical. The holding position of a psaltery points to Czech origin.},
	language = {anglais},
	journal = {Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft},
	author = {Matoušek, Lukáš},
	year = {1994},
	keywords = {Cithare, Cordophone (cordes pincées), Harpe, Iconographie, Organologie},
	pages = {207--212}
}

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