Cumulative material flows provide indicators to quantify the ecological debt. Mayer, A. & Haas, W. Journal of Political Ecology, 23:351, 2016. 00001
Cumulative material flows provide indicators to quantify the ecological debt [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
There is ample evidence that an unabated growth in material consumption is likely to pass the earth system's source and sink capacities. In the face of limited resources, distributional questions increasingly gain importance. Material flow accounting is a methodological tool to trace biophysical patterns of disproportionate resource consumption across countries and the debt towards the environment, other parts of the world, and towards future generations through the excessive consumption of natural resources. At the core of this article, we address different developments of material use for individual countrie s and world regions from 1950 to 2010. During this phase, fossil fuel-based industrialization triggered an unprecedented growth in material consumption, mainly in the wealthy world regions of Europe, ustralia, NorthAmerica ,and partly in the countries of the former Soviet Union, while low resource consumption persists in other regions. We thus calculated cumulative resource use from 1950 to 2010 to show the extent of this wealth built up upon countries'own resources, or through imports from other countries or world regions. We use the degree of net-import dependency of individual countries as a proxy for the ecological debt, and relate it to the domestic resource extraction in a country. Our observations show that there was a highly uneven distribution of resource extraction and use in the 60 years analyzed , which has important implications for future global resource policies
@article{mayer_cumulative_2016,
	title = {Cumulative material flows provide indicators to quantify the ecological debt},
	volume = {23},
	url = {https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Willi_Haas/publication/309428541_Cumulative_material_flows_provide_indicators_to_quantify_the_ecological_debt/links/58107c4608aee15d4914295a.pdf},
	abstract = {There is ample evidence that an unabated growth in material consumption is likely to pass the earth system's source  and  sink  capacities.  In  the  face  of  limited  resources,  distributional  questions  increasingly  gain importance.   Material   flow accounting is   a   methodological   tool to   trace biophysical   patterns   of  disproportionate resource consumption across countries and the debt towards the environment, other parts of 
the  world,  and  towards  future  generations  through  the  excessive  consumption  of  natural  resources.  At  the core  of  this  article,  we  address  different  developments  of  material  use  for  individual  countrie
s  and  world regions from 1950 to 2010. During this phase, fossil fuel-based industrialization triggered an unprecedented growth  in  material  consumption,  mainly  in  the  wealthy  world  regions  of  Europe,  ustralia, 
NorthAmerica ,and  partly  in  the  countries  of the  former  Soviet  Union,  while  low  resource  consumption  persists  in  other regions.  We  thus  calculated cumulative resource  use  from  1950  to  2010  to  show the extent of this  wealth built up upon countries'own resources, or through imports from other countries or world regions. We use the degree of net-import dependency of individual countries as a proxy for the ecological debt, and relate it to the  domestic resource extraction in a country. Our observations show that there was a highly uneven distribution of resource  extraction  and  use  in  the  60  years  analyzed  , which has  important  implications for  future  global resource policies},
	urldate = {2017-03-21},
	journal = {Journal of Political Ecology},
	author = {Mayer, Andreas and Haas, Willi},
	year = {2016},
	note = {00001},
	keywords = {minerals, limits, collapse, metals, materials},
	pages = {351},
	file = {Mayer and Haas - 2016 - Cumulative material flows provide indicators to qu.pdf:C\:\\Users\\rsrs\\Documents\\Zotero Database\\storage\\IKB6VNP5\\Mayer and Haas - 2016 - Cumulative material flows provide indicators to qu.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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