Host transcriptomic signatures of tuberculosis can predict immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV patients. Mbandi, S. K., Painter, H., Penn-Nicholson, A., Toefy, A., Erasmus, M., Hanekom, W. A, Scriba, T. J, Lai, R. P J, Marais, S., Fletcher, H. A, Meintjes, G., Wilkinson, R. J, Cotton, M. F, Pahwa, S., Cameron, M. J, & Nemes, E. European Journal of Immunology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, apr, 2022.
Host transcriptomic signatures of tuberculosis can predict immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV patients [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) can be a complication of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in patients with advanced HIV, but its pathogenesis is uncertain. In tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries, IRIS is often associated with mycobacterial infections or Bacille-Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination in children. With no predictive or confir-matory tests at present, IRIS remains a diagnosis of exclusion. We tested whether RISK6 and Sweeney3, validated immune-based blood transcriptomic signatures for TB, could predict or diagnose IRIS in HIV+ children and adults. Transcripts were measured by RT-qPCR in BCG-vaccinated children and by microarray in HIV+ adults with TB including TB meningitis (TBM). Signature scores before ART initiation and up to IRIS diagnosis were compared between participants who did or did not develop IRIS. In children, RISK6 and Sweeney3 discriminated IRIS cases from non-IRIS controls before ART, and at diagnosis. In adults with TB, RISK6 discriminated IRIS cases from controls after half-week on ART and at TB-IRIS onset. In adults with TBM, only Sweeney3 discriminated IRIS cases from controls before ART, while both signatures distinguished cases from controls at TB-IRIS onset. Parsimonious whole blood transcriptomic signatures for TB showed potential to predict and diagnose IRIS in HIV+ children and adults. Keywords: Bacille-Calmette-Guerin r host biomarker r immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome r transcriptomic signature r tuberculosis
@article{Mbandi2022,
abstract = {Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) can be a complication of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in patients with advanced HIV, but its pathogenesis is uncertain. In tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries, IRIS is often associated with mycobacterial infections or Bacille-Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination in children. With no predictive or confir-matory tests at present, IRIS remains a diagnosis of exclusion. We tested whether RISK6 and Sweeney3, validated immune-based blood transcriptomic signatures for TB, could predict or diagnose IRIS in HIV+ children and adults. Transcripts were measured by RT-qPCR in BCG-vaccinated children and by microarray in HIV+ adults with TB including TB meningitis (TBM). Signature scores before ART initiation and up to IRIS diagnosis were compared between participants who did or did not develop IRIS. In children, RISK6 and Sweeney3 discriminated IRIS cases from non-IRIS controls before ART, and at diagnosis. In adults with TB, RISK6 discriminated IRIS cases from controls after half-week on ART and at TB-IRIS onset. In adults with TBM, only Sweeney3 discriminated IRIS cases from controls before ART, while both signatures distinguished cases from controls at TB-IRIS onset. Parsimonious whole blood transcriptomic signatures for TB showed potential to predict and diagnose IRIS in HIV+ children and adults. Keywords: Bacille-Calmette-Guerin r host biomarker r immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome r transcriptomic signature r tuberculosis},
author = {Mbandi, Stanley Kimbung and Painter, Hannah and Penn-Nicholson, Adam and Toefy, Asma and Erasmus, Mzwandile and Hanekom, Willem A and Scriba, Thomas J and Lai, Rachel P J and Marais, Suzaan and Fletcher, Helen A and Meintjes, Graeme and Wilkinson, Robert J and Cotton, Mark F and Pahwa, Savita and Cameron, Mark J and Nemes, Elisa},
doi = {10.1002/EJI.202249815},
file = {:C$\backslash$:/Users/Claire/AppData/Local/Mendeley Ltd./Mendeley Desktop/Downloaded/Mbandi et al. - 2022 - Host transcriptomic signatures of tuberculosis can predict immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV pat.pdf:pdf},
issn = {1521-4141},
journal = {European Journal of Immunology},
keywords = {Bacille,Calmette,Guerin,OA,fund{\_}ack,host biomarker,immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome,original,transcriptomic signature,tuberculosis},
mendeley-tags = {OA,fund{\_}ack,original},
month = {apr},
pages = {10.1002/eji.202249815},
publisher = {John Wiley {\&} Sons, Ltd},
title = {{Host transcriptomic signatures of tuberculosis can predict immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV patients}},
url = {https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/eji.202249815 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/eji.202249815 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eji.202249815},
year = {2022}
}

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