Advancing the practice of health impact assessment in Canada: Obstacles and opportunities. McCallum, L. C.; Ollson, C. A.; and Stefanovic, I. L. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 55:98--109, November, 2015.
Advancing the practice of health impact assessment in Canada: Obstacles and opportunities [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is recognized as a useful tool that can identify potential health impacts resulting from projects or policy initiatives. Although HIA has become an established practice in some countries, it is not yet an established practice in Canada. In order to enable broader support for HIA, this study provides a comprehensive review and analysis of the peer-reviewed and gray literature on the state of HIA practice. The results of this review revealed that, although there is an abundance of publications relating to HIA, there remains a lack of transparent, consistent and reproducible approaches and methods throughout the process. Findings indicate a need for further research and development on a number of fronts, including: 1) the nature of HIA triggers; 2) consistent scoping and stakeholder engagement approaches; 3) use of evidence and transparency of decision-making; 4) reproducibility of assessment methods; 5) monitoring and evaluation protocols; and, 6) integration within existing regulatory frameworks. Addressing these issues will aid in advancing the more widespread use of HIA in Canada.
@article{mccallum_advancing_2015,
	title = {Advancing the practice of health impact assessment in {Canada}: {Obstacles} and opportunities},
	volume = {55},
	issn = {0195-9255},
	shorttitle = {Advancing the practice of health impact assessment in {Canada}},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195925515000748},
	doi = {10.1016/j.eiar.2015.07.007},
	abstract = {Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is recognized as a useful tool that can identify potential health impacts resulting from projects or policy initiatives. Although HIA has become an established practice in some countries, it is not yet an established practice in Canada. In order to enable broader support for HIA, this study provides a comprehensive review and analysis of the peer-reviewed and gray literature on the state of HIA practice. The results of this review revealed that, although there is an abundance of publications relating to HIA, there remains a lack of transparent, consistent and reproducible approaches and methods throughout the process. Findings indicate a need for further research and development on a number of fronts, including: 1) the nature of HIA triggers; 2) consistent scoping and stakeholder engagement approaches; 3) use of evidence and transparency of decision-making; 4) reproducibility of assessment methods; 5) monitoring and evaluation protocols; and, 6) integration within existing regulatory frameworks. Addressing these issues will aid in advancing the more widespread use of HIA in Canada.},
	urldate = {2015-07-31},
	journal = {Environmental Impact Assessment Review},
	author = {McCallum, Lindsay C. and Ollson, Christopher A. and Stefanovic, Ingrid L.},
	month = nov,
	year = {2015},
	keywords = {Health determinants, Health impact assessment, HIA, Methods, Review},
	pages = {98--109},
	file = {ScienceDirect Full Text PDF:files/51942/McCallum et al. - 2015 - Advancing the practice of health impact assessment.pdf:application/pdf;ScienceDirect Snapshot:files/51943/S0195925515000748.html:text/html}
}
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