Retrospective study on prognostic importance of serum procalcitonin and amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels as compared to Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation IV Score on Intensive Care Unit admission, in a mixed Intensive Care Unit population. Mehta, C., Dara, B., Mehta, Y., Tariq, A. M, Joby, G. V, & Singh, M. K Annals of cardiac anaesthesia, 19(2):256--62, 2016. Mehta, Chitra. Institute of Critical Care and Anaesthesiologoy, Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
abstract   bibtex   
BACKGROUND: Timely decision making in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is very essential to improve the outcome of critically sick patients. Conventional scores like Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE IV) are quite cumbersome with calculations and take minimum 24 hours. Procalcitonin has shown to have prognostic value in ICU/Emergency department (ED) in disease states like pneumonia, sepsis etc. NTproBNP has demonstrated excellent diagnostic and prognostic importance in cardiac diseases. It has also been found elevated in non-cardiac diseases. We chose to study the prognostic utility of these markers on ICU admission., SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective observational study., MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Retrospective analysis of 100 eligible patients was done who had undergone PCT and NTproBNP measurements on ICU admission. Their correlations with all cause mortality, length of hospital stay, need for ventilator support, need for vasopressors were performed., RESULTS: Among 100 randomly selected ICU patients, 28 were non-survivors. NTproBNP values on admission significantly correlated with all cause mortality (P = 0.036, AUC = 0.643) and morbidity (P = 0.000, AUC = 0.763), comparable to that of APACHE-IV score. PCT values on admission did not show significant association with mortality, but correlated well with morbidity and prolonged hospital length of stay (AUC = 0.616, P = 0.045)., CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrated a good predictive value of NTproBNP, in terms of mortality and morbidity comparable to that of APACHE-IV score. Procalcitonin, however, was found to have doubtful prognostic importance. These findings need to be confirmed in a prospective larger study.
@article{mehta_retrospective_2016,
	title = {Retrospective study on prognostic importance of serum procalcitonin and amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels as compared to {Acute} {Physiology} and {Chronic} {Health} {Evaluation} {IV} {Score} on {Intensive} {Care} {Unit} admission, in a mixed {Intensive} {Care} {Unit} population.},
	volume = {19},
	issn = {0974-5181},
	abstract = {BACKGROUND: Timely decision making in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is very essential to improve the outcome of critically sick patients. Conventional scores like Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE IV) are quite cumbersome with calculations and take minimum 24 hours. Procalcitonin has shown to have prognostic value in ICU/Emergency department (ED) in disease states like pneumonia, sepsis etc. NTproBNP has demonstrated excellent diagnostic and prognostic importance in cardiac diseases. It has also been found elevated in non-cardiac diseases. We chose to study the prognostic utility of these markers on ICU admission., SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective observational study., MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Retrospective analysis of 100 eligible patients was done who had undergone PCT and NTproBNP measurements on ICU admission. Their correlations with all cause mortality, length of hospital stay, need for ventilator support, need for vasopressors were performed., RESULTS: Among 100 randomly selected ICU patients, 28 were non-survivors. NTproBNP values on admission significantly correlated with all cause mortality (P = 0.036, AUC = 0.643) and morbidity (P = 0.000, AUC = 0.763), comparable to that of APACHE-IV score. PCT values on admission did not show significant association with mortality, but correlated well with morbidity and prolonged hospital length of stay (AUC = 0.616, P = 0.045)., CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrated a good predictive value of NTproBNP, in terms of mortality and morbidity comparable to that of APACHE-IV score. Procalcitonin, however, was found to have doubtful prognostic importance. These findings need to be confirmed in a prospective larger study.},
	number = {2},
	journal = {Annals of cardiac anaesthesia},
	author = {Mehta, Chitra and Dara, Babita and Mehta, Yatin and Tariq, Ali M and Joby, George V and Singh, Manish K},
	year = {2016},
	note = {Mehta, Chitra. Institute of Critical Care and Anaesthesiologoy, Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.},
	keywords = {*APACHE, *Calcitonin/bl [Blood], *Critical Care/mt [Methods], *Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/bl [Blood], *Peptide Fragments/bl [Blood], Aged, 80 and over, Humans, Longevity, Predictive Value of Tests, Respiration, Artificial, Retrospective Studies, Vasoconstrictor Agents/tu [Therapeutic Use], adolescent, adult, aged, female, hospital mortality, male, middle aged, prognosis, young adult},
	pages = {256--62}
}
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