Policy tools for sustainable transport in three cities of the Americas: Seattle, Montreal and Curitiba. Mercier, J., Carrier, M., Duarte, F., & Tremblay-Racicot, F. Transport Policy, 50:95--105, August, 2016.
Policy tools for sustainable transport in three cities of the Americas: Seattle, Montreal and Curitiba [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Cities around the world are trying to implement transport policies to reduce the dramatic environmental impacts of motorized modes. There is no single method to determine the success of sustainable transport systems, but comparative studies can be illuminating despite inevitable data inconsistencies. This study brings to the forefront different styles of regulation and mix of policy tools used by cities that have been trying to implement sustainable transport systems. To this end, a classification scheme of policy instruments was developed based on asymmetries of information and legitimacy, generating four types of instruments: Self-regulative, Informative/Limited action, Proactive/Government and Interactive/Governance. Using 39 semi-structured interviews with key informants from different levels of government and stakeholders, this paper compares the instrument choice in terms of sustainable urban transport policy in Seattle, Montreal and Curitiba. The main conclusions drawn from our interviews is that the distinction between government/proactive instruments and governance/interactive instruments does not appear as dichotomous and clear as expected and that each city deploys somewhat different patterns of instrument choice, in accordance with its political and institutional context.
@article{mercier_policy_2016-1,
	title = {Policy tools for sustainable transport in three cities of the {Americas}: {Seattle}, {Montreal} and {Curitiba}},
	volume = {50},
	issn = {0967-070X},
	shorttitle = {Policy tools for sustainable transport in three cities of the {Americas}},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967070X16303171},
	doi = {10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.06.005},
	abstract = {Cities around the world are trying to implement transport policies to reduce the dramatic environmental impacts of motorized modes. There is no single method to determine the success of sustainable transport systems, but comparative studies can be illuminating despite inevitable data inconsistencies. This study brings to the forefront different styles of regulation and mix of policy tools used by cities that have been trying to implement sustainable transport systems. To this end, a classification scheme of policy instruments was developed based on asymmetries of information and legitimacy, generating four types of instruments: Self-regulative, Informative/Limited action, Proactive/Government and Interactive/Governance. Using 39 semi-structured interviews with key informants from different levels of government and stakeholders, this paper compares the instrument choice in terms of sustainable urban transport policy in Seattle, Montreal and Curitiba. The main conclusions drawn from our interviews is that the distinction between government/proactive instruments and governance/interactive instruments does not appear as dichotomous and clear as expected and that each city deploys somewhat different patterns of instrument choice, in accordance with its political and institutional context.},
	urldate = {2016-07-24},
	journal = {Transport Policy},
	author = {Mercier, Jean and Carrier, Mario and Duarte, Fábio and Tremblay-Racicot, Fanny},
	month = aug,
	year = {2016},
	keywords = {Curitiba, governance, government, Montreal, Policy tools, Regulation, Seattle, Transport},
	pages = {95--105},
	file = {ScienceDirect Full Text PDF:files/56121/Mercier et al. - 2016 - Policy tools for sustainable transport in three ci.pdf:application/pdf;ScienceDirect Snapshot:files/56122/S0967070X16303171.html:text/html}
}
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