Gilbert Fowler White. Merideth, R. & Varady, R., G. Environmental Science, Oxford University Press, 1, 2016.
Gilbert Fowler White [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
Gilbert Fowler White (b. 1911–d. 2006), often referred to as the “father of floodplain management,” was a distinguished American geographer in the 20th century. White’s work on floods, water resources, natural hazards, global environmental change, and other topics significantly influenced generations of students, scholars, scientists, and decision makers—as well as governments, nongovernmental organizations, and other institutions—around the world. White was born and raised in Hyde Park, Illinois, and attended the University of Chicago, where he earned degrees in geography (bachelor’s, 1932; master’s, 1934) and where he began to embrace the tenets of pacifism and Quakerism. White initiated, but interrupted, his doctoral work at Chicago to serve instead in the New Deal government of Franklin Roosevelt, assuming positions with several executive agencies to work on national land and water planning. Informed by this experience, he resumed his doctoral studies and received a Ph.D. in geography in 1942, producing a dissertation, “Human Adjustment to Floods: A Geographical Approach to the Flood Problem in the United States” (which, after it was published in 1945, would profoundly influence national- and local-level management, planning, response, and adaptation to floods; see White 1945, cited under Floods and Flood Protection). When the United States entered the Second World War, White registered as a conscientious objector and served with the American Friends Service Committee, assisting refugees in France. While there, he was taken prisoner and interned in Germany for a short period. After the war, he began his academic career in 1946 as president of Haverford College. Nearly a decade later he returned to the University of Chicago in 1955 as professor and chair of the Department of Geography. In 1970 he became a professor of geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he founded and directed the Institute of Behavioral Science, and later the Natural Hazards Research and Application Information Center. A recurrent note throughout White’s career following the war was his involvement with and work for various United Nations agencies and initiatives. This association allowed him to broaden his horizons while contributing to what he, as a Quaker, saw as the planet’s best hope for securing peace. Over the span of his seventy-year career, White was an effective communicator and advocate for the use of scientific research and information to benefit humankind. Throughout his life, he was physically and mentally active, and he remained intellectually engaged and productive virtually until the final months of his life. White received many top honors including the National Medal of Science from the National Science Foundation, Lifetime Achievement Award from the Association of American Geographers, Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences, eight honorary degrees from US universities and colleges, and many other awards.
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 abstract = {Gilbert Fowler White (b. 1911–d. 2006), often referred to as the “father of floodplain management,” was a distinguished American geographer in the 20th century. White’s work on floods, water resources, natural hazards, global environmental change, and other topics significantly influenced generations of students, scholars, scientists, and decision makers—as well as governments, nongovernmental organizations, and other institutions—around the world. White was born and raised in Hyde Park, Illinois, and attended the University of Chicago, where he earned degrees in geography (bachelor’s, 1932; master’s, 1934) and where he began to embrace the tenets of pacifism and Quakerism. White initiated, but interrupted, his doctoral work at Chicago to serve instead in the New Deal government of Franklin Roosevelt, assuming positions with several executive agencies to work on national land and water planning. Informed by this experience, he resumed his doctoral studies and received a Ph.D. in geography in 1942, producing a dissertation, “Human Adjustment to Floods: A Geographical Approach to the Flood Problem in the United States” (which, after it was published in 1945, would profoundly influence national- and local-level management, planning, response, and adaptation to floods; see White 1945, cited under Floods and Flood Protection). When the United States entered the Second World War, White registered as a conscientious objector and served with the American Friends Service Committee, assisting refugees in France. While there, he was taken prisoner and interned in Germany for a short period. After the war, he began his academic career in 1946 as president of Haverford College. Nearly a decade later he returned to the University of Chicago in 1955 as professor and chair of the Department of Geography. In 1970 he became a professor of geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he founded and directed the Institute of Behavioral Science, and later the Natural Hazards Research and Application Information Center. A recurrent note throughout White’s career following the war was his involvement with and work for various United Nations agencies and initiatives. This association allowed him to broaden his horizons while contributing to what he, as a Quaker, saw as the planet’s best hope for securing peace. Over the span of his seventy-year career, White was an effective communicator and advocate for the use of scientific research and information to benefit humankind. Throughout his life, he was physically and mentally active, and he remained intellectually engaged and productive virtually until the final months of his life. White received many top honors including the National Medal of Science from the National Science Foundation, Lifetime Achievement Award from the Association of American Geographers, Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences, eight honorary degrees from US universities and colleges, and many other awards.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Merideth, R and Varady, R G},
 journal = {Environmental Science}
}
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