Multiscalar Perspectives on Social Networks in the Late Prehispanic Southwest. Mills, B. J.; Peeples, M. A.; Haas Jr., W. R.; Borck, L.; Clark, J. J.; and Roberts Jr., J. M. American Antiquity, 80(1):3–24, 2015. 00035
abstract   bibtex   
Analyzing historical trajectories of social interactions at varying scales can lead to complementary interpretations of relationships among archaeological settlements. We use social network analysis (SNA) combined with geographic information systems (GIS) at three spatial scales over time in the western U.S. Southwest to show how the same social processes affected network dynamics at each scale. The period we address, A.D. 1200-1450, was characterized by migration and demographic upheaval. The tumultuous late thirteenth century interval was followed by population coalescence and the development of widespread religious movements in the fourteenth through fifteenth centuries. In the southern Southwest these processes resulted in a highly connected network that drew in members of different settlements within and between different valleys. In the northern Southwest networks were initially highly connected followed by a more fragmented social landscape. We examine how different network textures emerged at each scale through 50-year snapshots. The results demonstrate the usefulness of applying a multiscalar approach to complex historical trajectories and the potential for SNA as applied to archaeological data.
@article{mills_multiscalar_2015,
	title = {Multiscalar {Perspectives} on {Social} {Networks} in the {Late} {Prehispanic} {Southwest}},
	volume = {80},
	abstract = {Analyzing historical trajectories of social interactions at varying scales can lead to complementary interpretations of relationships among archaeological settlements. We use social network analysis (SNA) combined with geographic information systems (GIS) at three spatial scales over time in the western U.S. Southwest to show how the same social processes affected network dynamics at each scale. The period we address, A.D. 1200-1450, was characterized by migration and demographic upheaval. The tumultuous late thirteenth century interval was followed by population coalescence and the development of widespread religious movements in the fourteenth through fifteenth centuries. In the southern Southwest these processes resulted in a highly connected network that drew in members of different settlements within and between different valleys. In the northern Southwest networks were initially highly connected followed by a more fragmented social landscape. We examine how different network textures emerged at each scale through 50-year snapshots. The results demonstrate the usefulness of applying a multiscalar approach to complex historical trajectories and the potential for SNA as applied to archaeological data.},
	number = {1},
	journal = {American Antiquity},
	author = {Mills, Barbara J. and Peeples, Matthew A. and Haas Jr., W. Randall and Borck, Lewis and Clark, Jeffery J. and Roberts Jr., John M.},
	year = {2015},
	note = {00035},
	keywords = {\#nosource},
	pages = {3--24}
}
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