Black and Hispanic Men Perceived to Be Large Are at Increased Risk for Police Frisk, Search, and Force. Milner, A. N., George, B. J., & Allison, D. B. PLOS ONE, 11(1):e0147158, January, 2016.
Black and Hispanic Men Perceived to Be Large Are at Increased Risk for Police Frisk, Search, and Force [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
While data consistently show that Blacks and Hispanics are often treated differently than Whites, one understudied aspect of these disparities is how police officers' assessments of suspects' size affects their decisions. Using over 3 million cases from the New York Police Department (NYPD) Stop, Question, and Frisk (SQF) Database, 2006–2013, this study is the first to explore suspects' race, perceived size, and police treatment. Results indicate that tall and heavy black and Hispanic men are at the greatest risk for frisk or search. Tall and heavy suspects are at increased risk for experiencing police force, with black and Hispanic men being more likely to experience force than white men across size categories.
@article{milner_black_2016,
	title = {Black and {Hispanic} {Men} {Perceived} to {Be} {Large} {Are} at {Increased} {Risk} for {Police} {Frisk}, {Search}, and {Force}},
	volume = {11},
	issn = {1932-6203},
	url = {http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147158},
	doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0147158},
	abstract = {While data consistently show that Blacks and Hispanics are often treated differently than Whites, one understudied aspect of these disparities is how police officers' assessments of suspects' size affects their decisions. Using over 3 million cases from the New York Police Department (NYPD) Stop, Question, and Frisk (SQF) Database, 2006–2013, this study is the first to explore suspects' race, perceived size, and police treatment. Results indicate that tall and heavy black and Hispanic men are at the greatest risk for frisk or search. Tall and heavy suspects are at increased risk for experiencing police force, with black and Hispanic men being more likely to experience force than white men across size categories.},
	language = {en},
	number = {1},
	urldate = {2016-01-26TZ},
	journal = {PLOS ONE},
	author = {Milner, Adrienne N. and George, Brandon J. and Allison, David B.},
	editor = {Maher, Brion},
	month = jan,
	year = {2016},
	keywords = {Lieu - Pays - États-Unis, Profilage - Latinos, Profilage - Noirs, Profilage racial},
	pages = {e0147158}
}
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