Middle Miocene closure of the Central American Seaway. Montes, C.; Cardona, A.; Jaramillo, C.; Pardo, A.; Silva, J. C.; Valencia, V.; Ayala, C.; Pérez-Angel, L. C.; Rodriguez-Parra, L. A.; Ramirez, V.; and Niño, H. Science, 348(6231):226--229, April, 2015.
Middle Miocene closure of the Central American Seaway [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Early closing between oceans The Central American Seaway, which once separated the Panama Arc from South America, may have closed 10 million years earlier than is believed. Montes et al. report that certain minerals of Panamanian provenance began to appear in South America during the Middle Miocene, 15 to 13 million years ago (see the Perspective by Hoorn and Flantua). The presence of the minerals indicates that rivers were flowing from the Panama Arc into the shallow marine basins of northern South America. One interpretation of this finding is that large-scale ocean flow between the Atlantic and Pacific had ended by then. If this is true, then many models of paleo-ocean circulation and biotic exchange between the Americas need to be reconsidered. Science, this issue p. 226; see also p. 186 Uranium-lead geochronology in detrital zircons and provenance analyses in eight boreholes and two surface stratigraphic sections in the northern Andes provide insight into the time of closure of the Central American Seaway. The timing of this closure has been correlated with Plio-Pleistocene global oceanographic, atmospheric, and biotic events. We found that a uniquely Panamanian Eocene detrital zircon fingerprint is pronounced in middle Miocene fluvial and shallow marine strata cropping out in the northern Andes but is absent in underlying lower Miocene and Oligocene strata. We contend that this fingerprint demonstrates a fluvial connection, and therefore the absence of an intervening seaway, between the Panama arc and South America in middle Miocene times; the Central American Seaway had vanished by that time. The ocean gateway that once separated South America from North America disappeared longer ago than was thought. [Also see Perspective by Hoorn and Flantua] The ocean gateway that once separated South America from North America disappeared longer ago than was thought. [Also see Perspective by Hoorn and Flantua]
@article{montes_middle_2015,
	title = {Middle {Miocene} closure of the {Central} {American} {Seaway}},
	volume = {348},
	copyright = {Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science},
	issn = {0036-8075, 1095-9203},
	url = {http://science.sciencemag.org/content/348/6231/226},
	doi = {10.1126/science.aaa2815},
	abstract = {Early closing between oceans
The Central American Seaway, which once separated the Panama Arc from South America, may have closed 10 million years earlier than is believed. Montes et al. report that certain minerals of Panamanian provenance began to appear in South America during the Middle Miocene, 15 to 13 million years ago (see the Perspective by Hoorn and Flantua). The presence of the minerals indicates that rivers were flowing from the Panama Arc into the shallow marine basins of northern South America. One interpretation of this finding is that large-scale ocean flow between the Atlantic and Pacific had ended by then. If this is true, then many models of paleo-ocean circulation and biotic exchange between the Americas need to be reconsidered.
Science, this issue p. 226; see also p. 186
Uranium-lead geochronology in detrital zircons and provenance analyses in eight boreholes and two surface stratigraphic sections in the northern Andes provide insight into the time of closure of the Central American Seaway. The timing of this closure has been correlated with Plio-Pleistocene global oceanographic, atmospheric, and biotic events. We found that a uniquely Panamanian Eocene detrital zircon fingerprint is pronounced in middle Miocene fluvial and shallow marine strata cropping out in the northern Andes but is absent in underlying lower Miocene and Oligocene strata. We contend that this fingerprint demonstrates a fluvial connection, and therefore the absence of an intervening seaway, between the Panama arc and South America in middle Miocene times; the Central American Seaway had vanished by that time.
The ocean gateway that once separated South America from North America disappeared longer ago than was thought. [Also see Perspective by Hoorn and Flantua]
The ocean gateway that once separated South America from North America disappeared longer ago than was thought. [Also see Perspective by Hoorn and Flantua]},
	language = {en},
	number = {6231},
	urldate = {2018-02-09TZ},
	journal = {Science},
	author = {Montes, C. and Cardona, A. and Jaramillo, C. and Pardo, A. and Silva, J. C. and Valencia, V. and Ayala, C. and Pérez-Angel, L. C. and Rodriguez-Parra, L. A. and Ramirez, V. and Niño, H.},
	month = apr,
	year = {2015},
	pmid = {25859042},
	pages = {226--229}
}
Downloads: 0