The Rape of Kuwait’s National Memory. Montgomery, B. P. International Journal of Cultural Property, 22(1):61–84, February, 2015.
The Rape of Kuwait’s National Memory [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
In the August 1990 invasion of Kuwait, Iraqi forces prosecuted a mass campaign of pillage and destruction. Under the coordinated direction of Iraqi curators who were well acquainted with Kuwait’s cultural treasures, occupying Iraqi troops plundered thousands of cultural objects from museums, libraries, and archives. Among the pillaged cultural spoils were Kuwait’s national archives, comprising the emirate’s historical memory. Until recently, Iraq was beholden to UN sanctions demanding the return of missing persons and property, including Kuwait’s archives. Although the United Nations Security Council for many years has facilitated efforts to search for the lost archives, these efforts have proved futile. This article explores the plausibility of the two most likely scenarios surrounding the cold case of Kuwait’s missing archives: 1) that the current search for the archives has overlooked the possibility that they were unknowingly seized by US forces in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and are currently being held by the Pentagon; and 2) that the archives may have been intentionally destroyed as part of Saddam Hussein’s aim to obliterate Kuwait’s national identity and annex the emirate as Iraq’s nineteenth province.
@article{montgomery_rape_2015,
	title = {The {Rape} of {Kuwait}’s {National} {Memory}},
	volume = {22},
	issn = {0940-7391, 1465-7317},
	url = {https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-cultural-property/article/rape-of-kuwaits-national-memory/6E0738575E06F30DF1E5C8DA692FE3CA},
	doi = {10.1017/S0940739115000053},
	abstract = {In the August 1990 invasion of Kuwait, Iraqi forces prosecuted a mass campaign of pillage and destruction. Under the coordinated direction of Iraqi curators who were well acquainted with Kuwait’s cultural treasures, occupying Iraqi troops plundered thousands of cultural objects from museums, libraries, and archives. Among the pillaged cultural spoils were Kuwait’s national archives, comprising the emirate’s historical memory. Until recently, Iraq was beholden to UN sanctions demanding the return of missing persons and property, including Kuwait’s archives. Although the United Nations Security Council for many years has facilitated efforts to search for the lost archives, these efforts have proved futile. This article explores the plausibility of the two most likely scenarios surrounding the cold case of Kuwait’s missing archives: 1) that the current search for the archives has overlooked the possibility that they were unknowingly seized by US forces in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and are currently being held by the Pentagon; and 2) that the archives may have been intentionally destroyed as part of Saddam Hussein’s aim to obliterate Kuwait’s national identity and annex the emirate as Iraq’s nineteenth province.},
	language = {en},
	number = {1},
	urldate = {2020-04-03},
	journal = {International Journal of Cultural Property},
	author = {Montgomery, Bruce P.},
	month = feb,
	year = {2015},
	pages = {61--84}
}
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