Can renewable energy power the future?. Moriarty, P. & Honnery, D. Energy Policy, 93:3–7, June, 2016.
Can renewable energy power the future? [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Fossil fuels face resource depletion, supply security, and climate change problems; renewable energy (RE) may offer the best prospects for their long-term replacement. However, RE sources differ in many important ways from fossil fuels, particularly in that they are energy flows rather than stocks. The most important RE sources, wind and solar energy, are also intermittent, necessitating major energy storage as these sources increase their share of total energy supply. We show that estimates for the technical potential of RE vary by two orders of magnitude, and argue that values at the lower end of the range must be seriously considered, both because their energy return on energy invested falls, and environmental costs rise, with cumulative output. Finally, most future RE output will be electric, necessitating radical reconfiguration of existing grids to function with intermittent RE.
@article{moriarty_can_2016,
	title = {Can renewable energy power the future?},
	volume = {93},
	issn = {0301-4215},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030142151630088X},
	doi = {10.1016/j.enpol.2016.02.051},
	abstract = {Fossil fuels face resource depletion, supply security, and climate change problems; renewable energy (RE) may offer the best prospects for their long-term replacement. However, RE sources differ in many important ways from fossil fuels, particularly in that they are energy flows rather than stocks. The most important RE sources, wind and solar energy, are also intermittent, necessitating major energy storage as these sources increase their share of total energy supply. We show that estimates for the technical potential of RE vary by two orders of magnitude, and argue that values at the lower end of the range must be seriously considered, both because their energy return on energy invested falls, and environmental costs rise, with cumulative output. Finally, most future RE output will be electric, necessitating radical reconfiguration of existing grids to function with intermittent RE.},
	urldate = {2016-09-20},
	journal = {Energy Policy},
	author = {Moriarty, Patrick and Honnery, Damon},
	month = jun,
	year = {2016},
	keywords = {EROI, energy, limits, collapse, renewables},
	pages = {3--7},
	file = {Moriarty and Honnery - 2016 - Can renewable energy power the future.pdf:C\:\\Users\\rsrs\\Documents\\Zotero Database\\storage\\2CWN6BV5\\Moriarty and Honnery - 2016 - Can renewable energy power the future.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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