Beech wood modification based on in situ esterification with sorbitol and citric acid. Mubarok, M.; Militz, H.; Dumarçay, S.; and Gérardin, P. Wood Science and Technology, 54(3):479–502, May, 2020.
Beech wood modification based on in situ esterification with sorbitol and citric acid [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
In this study, modification of European beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) through in situ esterification of sorbitol and citric acid (SorCA) was investigated at two curing temperatures, 140 and 160 °C. In order to determine the optimum condition for modification, an aqueous solution of SorCA at varying concentrations was evaluated (10, 20, 30, and 55% w/w). Physical, mechanical, chemical, and durability properties of the modified wood were examined. Results have disclosed that among different SorCA concentrations, treatment with SorCA at 30% w/w was considered as the optimum concentration independent of the curing temperature. Under these conditions, anti-swelling efficiency increased to approx. 55% and modulus of elasticity increased slightly with approx. 9% in comparison with untreated wood. Decay resistance against white-rot (Trametes versicolor), brown-rot (Coniphora puteana), and soft-rotting microfungi classified the SorCA-30%-modified wood as very durable. In addition, thermogravimetric study evidenced that SorCA 30%-modified wood has a lower thermal decomposition temperature in comparison with untreated wood/wood control by 20 °C difference, indicating that the SorCA-modified wood possibly has fire-retardant properties. However, due to the acidic properties of the SorCA solution, modulus of rupture (MOR) and mainly work to maximum load in bending decreased considerably.
@article{mubarok_beech_2020,
	title = {Beech wood modification based on in situ esterification with sorbitol and citric acid},
	volume = {54},
	issn = {1432-5225},
	url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-020-01172-7},
	doi = {10.1007/s00226-020-01172-7},
	abstract = {In this study, modification of European beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) through in situ esterification of sorbitol and citric acid (SorCA) was investigated at two curing temperatures, 140 and 160 °C. In order to determine the optimum condition for modification, an aqueous solution of SorCA at varying concentrations was evaluated (10, 20, 30, and 55\% w/w). Physical, mechanical, chemical, and durability properties of the modified wood were examined. Results have disclosed that among different SorCA concentrations, treatment with SorCA at 30\% w/w was considered as the optimum concentration independent of the curing temperature. Under these conditions, anti-swelling efficiency increased to approx. 55\% and modulus of elasticity increased slightly with approx. 9\% in comparison with untreated wood. Decay resistance against white-rot (Trametes versicolor), brown-rot (Coniphora puteana), and soft-rotting microfungi classified the SorCA-30\%-modified wood as very durable. In addition, thermogravimetric study evidenced that SorCA 30\%-modified wood has a lower thermal decomposition temperature in comparison with untreated wood/wood control by 20 °C difference, indicating that the SorCA-modified wood possibly has fire-retardant properties. However, due to the acidic properties of the SorCA solution, modulus of rupture (MOR) and mainly work to maximum load in bending decreased considerably.},
	language = {en},
	number = {3},
	urldate = {2020-05-26},
	journal = {Wood Science and Technology},
	author = {Mubarok, Mahdi and Militz, Holger and Dumarçay, Stéphane and Gérardin, Philippe},
	month = may,
	year = {2020},
	pages = {479--502},
	file = {Springer Full Text PDF:C\:\\Users\\Eva\\Zotero\\storage\\DYKDJN89\\Mubarok et al. - 2020 - Beech wood modification based on in situ esterific.pdf:application/pdf;Springer Full Text PDF:C\:\\Users\\Eva\\Zotero\\storage\\UHDIVY4S\\Mubarok et al. - 2020 - Beech wood modification based on in situ esterific.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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