Post-Thaw Culture and Measurement of Total Cell Recovery Is Crucial in the Evaluation of New Macromolecular Cryoprotectants. Murray, K. A. and Gibson, M. I. Biomacromolecules, June, 2020.
Post-Thaw Culture and Measurement of Total Cell Recovery Is Crucial in the Evaluation of New Macromolecular Cryoprotectants [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
The storage and transport of cells is a fundamental technology which underpins cell biology, biomaterials research, and emerging cell-based therapies. Inspired by antifreeze and icebinding proteins in extremophiles, macromolecular (polymer) cryoprotectants are emerging as exciting biomaterials to enable the reduction and/or replacement of conventional cryoprotective agents such as DMSO. Here, we critically study post-thaw cellular outcomes upon addition of macromolecular cryoprotectants to provide unambiguous evidence that post-thaw culturing time and a mixture of assays are essential to claim a positive outcome. In particular, we observe that only measuring the viability of recovered cells gives false positives, even with non-cryoprotective polymers. Several systems gave apparently high viability but very low total cell recovery, which could be reported as a success but in practical applications would not be useful. Post-thaw culture time is also shown to be crucial to enable apoptosis to set in. Using this approach we demonstrate that polyampholytes (a rapidly emerging class of cryoprotectants) improve post-thaw outcomes across both measures, compared to poly(ethylene glycol), which can give false positives when only viability and short post-thaw time scales are considered. This work will help guide the discovery of new macromolecular cryoprotectants and ensure materials which only give positive results under limited outcomes can be quickly identified and removed.
@article{murray_post-thaw_2020,
	title = {Post-{Thaw} {Culture} and {Measurement} of {Total} {Cell} {Recovery} {Is} {Crucial} in the {Evaluation} of {New} {Macromolecular} {Cryoprotectants}},
	issn = {1525-7797, 1526-4602},
	url = {https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.biomac.0c00591},
	doi = {10.1021/acs.biomac.0c00591},
	abstract = {The storage and transport of cells is a fundamental technology which underpins cell biology, biomaterials research, and emerging cell-based therapies. Inspired by antifreeze and icebinding proteins in extremophiles, macromolecular (polymer) cryoprotectants are emerging as exciting biomaterials to enable the reduction and/or replacement of conventional cryoprotective agents such as DMSO. Here, we critically study post-thaw cellular outcomes upon addition of macromolecular cryoprotectants to provide unambiguous evidence that post-thaw culturing time and a mixture of assays are essential to claim a positive outcome. In particular, we observe that only measuring the viability of recovered cells gives false positives, even with non-cryoprotective polymers. Several systems gave apparently high viability but very low total cell recovery, which could be reported as a success but in practical applications would not be useful. Post-thaw culture time is also shown to be crucial to enable apoptosis to set in. Using this approach we demonstrate that polyampholytes (a rapidly emerging class of cryoprotectants) improve post-thaw outcomes across both measures, compared to poly(ethylene glycol), which can give false positives when only viability and short post-thaw time scales are considered. This work will help guide the discovery of new macromolecular cryoprotectants and ensure materials which only give positive results under limited outcomes can be quickly identified and removed.},
	language = {en},
	urldate = {2020-06-23},
	journal = {Biomacromolecules},
	author = {Murray, Kathryn A. and Gibson, Matthew I.},
	month = jun,
	year = {2020},
	file = {Murray and Gibson - 2020 - Post-Thaw Culture and Measurement of Total Cell Re.pdf:/Users/wolf/Zotero/storage/6UVQP6IT/Murray and Gibson - 2020 - Post-Thaw Culture and Measurement of Total Cell Re.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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