Human iPSC-derived mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in PEGDA hydrogels mature into valve interstitial-like cells. Nachlas, A., Li, S, Jha, R, Singh, M, Xu, C, & Davis, M. Acta Biomater, 71:235–246.
Human iPSC-derived mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in PEGDA hydrogels mature into valve interstitial-like cells. [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Despite recent advances in tissue engineered heart valves (TEHV), a major challenge is identifying a cell source for seeding TEHV scaffolds. Native heart valves are durable because valve interstitial cells (VICs) maintain tissue homeostasis by synthesizing and remodeling the extracellular matrix. This study demonstrates that induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iMSCs) can be derived from iPSCs using a feeder-free protocol and then further matured into VICs by encapsulation within 3D hydrogels. The differentiation efficiency was characterized using flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry staining, and trilineage differentiation. Using our feeder-free differentiation protocol, iMSCs were differentiated from iPSCs and had CD90+, CD44+, CD71+, αSMA+, and CD45- expression. Furthermore, iMSCs underwent trilineage differentiation when cultured in induction media for 21 days. iMSCs were then encapsulated in poly(ethylene glycol)diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogels grafted with adhesion peptide (RGDS) to promote remodeling and further maturation into VIC-like cells. VIC phenotype was assessed by the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA), vimentin, and collagen production after 28 days. When MSC-derived cells were encapsulated in PEGDA hydrogels that mimic the leaflet modulus, a decrease in αSMA expression and increase in vimentin was observed. In addition, iMSCs synthesized collagen type I after 28 days in 3D hydrogel culture. Thus, the results from this study suggest that iMSCs may be a promising cell source for TEHV. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Developing a suitable cell source is a critical component for the success and durability of tissue engineered heart valves. The significance of this study is the generation of iPSCs-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iMSCs) that have the capacity to mature into valve interstitial-like cells when introduced into a 3D cell culture designed to mimic the layers of the valve leaflet. iMSCs were generated using a feeder-free protocol, which is one major advantage over other methods, as it is more clinically relevant. In addition to generating a potential new cell source for heart valve tissue engineering, this study also highlights the importance of a 3D culture environment to influence cell phenotype and function.
@article{nachlas_human_nodate,
	title = {Human {iPSC}-derived mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in {PEGDA} hydrogels mature into valve interstitial-like cells.},
	volume = {71},
	url = {https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29505894},
	doi = {10.1016/j.actbio.2018.02.025},
	abstract = {Despite recent advances in tissue engineered heart valves (TEHV), a major challenge is identifying a cell source for seeding TEHV scaffolds. Native heart valves are durable because valve interstitial cells (VICs) maintain tissue homeostasis by synthesizing and remodeling the extracellular matrix. This study demonstrates that induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iMSCs) can be derived from iPSCs using a feeder-free protocol and then further matured into VICs by encapsulation within 3D hydrogels. The differentiation efficiency was characterized using flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry staining, and trilineage differentiation. Using our feeder-free differentiation protocol, iMSCs were differentiated from iPSCs and had CD90+, CD44+, CD71+, αSMA+, and CD45- expression. Furthermore, iMSCs underwent trilineage differentiation when cultured in induction media for 21 days. iMSCs were then encapsulated in poly(ethylene glycol)diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogels grafted with adhesion peptide (RGDS) to promote remodeling and further maturation into VIC-like cells. VIC phenotype was assessed by the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA), vimentin, and collagen production after 28 days. When MSC-derived cells were encapsulated in PEGDA hydrogels that mimic the leaflet modulus, a decrease in αSMA expression and increase in vimentin was observed. In addition, iMSCs synthesized collagen type I after 28 days in 3D hydrogel culture. Thus, the results from this study suggest that iMSCs may be a promising cell source for TEHV. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Developing a suitable cell source is a critical component for the success and durability of tissue engineered heart valves. The significance of this study is the generation of iPSCs-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iMSCs) that have the capacity to mature into valve interstitial-like cells when introduced into a 3D cell culture designed to mimic the layers of the valve leaflet. iMSCs were generated using a feeder-free protocol, which is one major advantage over other methods, as it is more clinically relevant. In addition to generating a potential new cell source for heart valve tissue engineering, this study also highlights the importance of a 3D culture environment to influence cell phenotype and function.},
	language = {eng},
	journal = {Acta Biomater},
	author = {Nachlas, ALY and Li, S and Jha, R and Singh, M and Xu, C and Davis, ME},
	keywords = {Tissue engineering heart valves},
	pages = {235--246}
}
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