Colchic and Hyrcanian Forests of the Caucasus: Similarities, Differences and Conservation Status. Nakhutsrishvili, G., Zazanashvili, N., Batsatsashvili, K., & Montalvo Mancheno, C. S.
Colchic and Hyrcanian Forests of the Caucasus: Similarities, Differences and Conservation Status [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Along with high degree of vascular plant endemism (more than 25\,%) the existence of two refugia of the Tertiary flora - Colchic and Hyrcanian - are the most unique features of the Caucasus ecoregion. Likewise, Colchic and Hyrcanian forests are classified as temperate rainforests.There are certain physical-geographical and biological similarities and even more differences between Colchic and Hyrcanian regions, reflected on compositions of flora, types of vegetation zonation, as well as spectrums of vegetation formations. An ” individualities” of these two unique nature phenomena definethe necessity of their equal and effective conservation. Currently, the Colchic forests are better protected: almost half a million hectares, or 16.5\,% of Colchic region, is covered by protected areas, but there are still some evident gaps to be filled with regard to improve spatial structure of protected areas system and properly cover the most vulnerable ecosystems. More problematic situation is observed in case of Hyrcanian forests, particularly in Iranian part: lack of high categories of protected areas (IUCN categories I-IV), in terms of both number and territory, is the main obstacle for development of protected areas system in Hyrcanian region.
@article{nakhutsrishviliColchicHyrcanianForests2015,
  title = {Colchic and {{Hyrcanian}} Forests of the {{Caucasus}}: Similarities, Differences and Conservation Status},
  author = {Nakhutsrishvili, G. and Zazanashvili, N. and Batsatsashvili, K. and Montalvo Mancheno, C. S.},
  date = {2015-11},
  journaltitle = {Flora Mediterranea},
  volume = {25},
  issn = {1120-4052},
  doi = {10.7320/flmedit25si.185},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.7320/flmedit25si.185},
  abstract = {Along with high degree of vascular plant endemism (more than 25\,\%) the existence of two refugia of the Tertiary flora - Colchic and Hyrcanian - are the most unique features of the Caucasus ecoregion. Likewise, Colchic and Hyrcanian forests are classified as temperate rainforests.There are certain physical-geographical and biological similarities and even more differences between Colchic and Hyrcanian regions, reflected on compositions of flora, types of vegetation zonation, as well as spectrums of vegetation formations. An ” individualities” of these two unique nature phenomena definethe necessity of their equal and effective conservation. Currently, the Colchic forests are better protected: almost half a million hectares, or 16.5\,\% of Colchic region, is covered by protected areas, but there are still some evident gaps to be filled with regard to improve spatial structure of protected areas system and properly cover the most vulnerable ecosystems. More problematic situation is observed in case of Hyrcanian forests, particularly in Iranian part: lack of high categories of protected areas (IUCN categories I-IV), in terms of both number and territory, is the main obstacle for development of protected areas system in Hyrcanian region.},
  issue = {Special Issue},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-14142958,abies-nordmanniana,acer-insigne,acer-velutinum,albizzia-julibrissin,alnus-barbata,alnus-subcordata,ancient-forest-plant-species,ancient-forests,arachne-colchica,betula-litwinowii,betula-medwedewii,biodiversity,buxus-colchicus,buxus-hyrcana,carpinus-caucasica,castanea-sativa,caucasus,colchic-region,comparison,corylus-colchica,danae-racemosa,daphne-alboviana,daphne-pontica,dioscorea-caucasica,diospyros-lotus,ecological-zones,ecosystem-conservation,epigaea-gaultherioides,fagus-orientalis,forest-resources,gleditcia-caspica,hedera-colchica,hedera-pastuchovii,hypericum-androsaemum,hypericum-inodorum,hyrcanian-region,ilex-colchica,ilex-hyrcana,laurocerasus-officinalis,parrotia-persica,philadelphus-caucasicus,picea-orientalis,protected-areas,protection,pterocarya-fraxinifolia,quercus-castaneifolia,quercus-hartwissiana,quercus-imeretina,quercus-macranthera,quercus-pontica,rainforest,rhamnus-imeretina,rhododendron-caucasicum,rhododendron-ponticum,rhododendron-smirnowii,rhododendron-ungernii,ruscus-colchicus,ruscus-hyrcanus,sorbus-aucuparia,sorbus-caucasigena,sorbus-subfusca,species-richness,staphylea-colchica,temperate-forests,vaccinium-arctostaphylos,viburnum-orientale,zelkova-carpinifolia}
}
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