Environmental Risk Analysis and Management - Quantifying the Impacts of Erosion. Negm, N. & Pühringer, H. .
Environmental Risk Analysis and Management - Quantifying the Impacts of Erosion [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Soil erosion is a time dependent natural process that is important for soil formation. When it comes to human activities, these processes are often accelerated and with it, problems occur that need further attention due to its threats to human and environment. Most severe nowadays is the loss of topsoil especially in the Mediterranean region but also the less obvious northern part of Europe has to be considered appropriately. Due to the fact that soil erosion, mostly caused by inappropriate agricultural practices, deforestation, overgrazing and construction activities, is an irreversible degradation of soil, more and more importance is attached to the quantification of the impacts of soil erosion using modern digital techniques. Runoff plays the biggest role for development of models, whereas there can be differentiated between expert based and model based methods. First is for the qualitative assessment of the risk of soil erosion and can e.g. be done with the RIVM soil erosion model, the CORINE programme, GLASOD (Global Assessment of Soil Degradation) or the Hot Spots map commissioned by the EEA. Quantitative methods are the focus of this paper, for example the USLE (Universal Soil Loss Equation) with which rill and interrill erosion can be determined in an annual long-term run based on regression analyses. Another example is the process-based and spatially distributed model PESERA (Pan-European Soil Erosion Risk Assessment) to estimate the loss of soil by water. Also the INRA approach and the SEMMED (Soil erosion model for Mediterranean regions) are taken into account for the prevention of soil erosion thus soil degradation.
@report{negmEnvironmentalRiskAnalysis2014,
  title = {Environmental Risk Analysis and Management - {{Quantifying}} the Impacts of Erosion},
  author = {Negm, Nesrin and Pühringer, Helene},
  date = {2014},
  institution = {{Environmental Risk Analysis and Management, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien}},
  url = {http://mfkp.org/INRMM/article/13244303},
  abstract = {Soil erosion is a time dependent natural process that is important for soil formation. When it comes to human activities, these processes are often accelerated and with it, problems occur that need further attention due to its threats to human and environment. Most severe nowadays is the loss of topsoil especially in the Mediterranean region but also the less obvious northern part of Europe has to be considered appropriately. Due to the fact that soil erosion, mostly caused by inappropriate agricultural practices, deforestation, overgrazing and construction activities, is an irreversible degradation of soil, more and more importance is attached to the quantification of the impacts of soil erosion using modern digital techniques. Runoff plays the biggest role for development of models, whereas there can be differentiated between expert based and model based methods. First is for the qualitative assessment of the risk of soil erosion and can e.g. be done with the RIVM soil erosion model, the CORINE programme, GLASOD (Global Assessment of Soil Degradation) or the Hot Spots map commissioned by the EEA. Quantitative methods are the focus of this paper, for example the USLE (Universal Soil Loss Equation) with which rill and interrill erosion can be determined in an annual long-term run based on regression analyses. Another example is the process-based and spatially distributed model PESERA (Pan-European Soil Erosion Risk Assessment) to estimate the loss of soil by water. Also the INRA approach and the SEMMED (Soil erosion model for Mediterranean regions) are taken into account for the prevention of soil erosion thus soil degradation.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13244303,europe,overview,risk-assessment,soil-erosion,soil-resources},
  number = {SS2014-3.1}
}
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