IEEE Communications Letters, 19(8):1426-1429, IEEE, 8, 2015. Paper Website abstract bibtex
We investigate the fairness of achievable energy efficiency in a multicell multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) downlink system, where a beamforming scheme is designed to maximize the minimum energy efficiency among all base stations. The resulting optimization problem is a nonconvex max-min fractional program, which is generally difficult to solve optimally. We propose an iterative beamformer design based on an inner approximation algorithm which aims at locating a Karush-Kuhn-Tucker solution to the nonconvex program. By novel transformations, we arrive at a convex problem at each iteration of the proposed algorithm, which is amendable for being approximated by a second order cone program. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm outperforms the existing schemes in terms of the convergence rate and processing time.