Signaling virtuous victimhood as indicators of Dark Triad personalities. Ok, E., Qian, Y., Strejcek, B., & Aquino, K. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, July, 2020.
Signaling virtuous victimhood as indicators of Dark Triad personalities. [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
We investigate the consequences and predictors of emitting signals of victimhood and virtue. In our first three studies, we show that the virtuous victim signal can facilitate nonreciprocal resource transfer from others to the signaler. Next, we develop and validate a victim signaling scale that we combine with an established measure of virtue signaling to operationalize the virtuous victim construct. We show that individuals with Dark Triad traits—Machiavellianism, Narcissism, Psychopathy—more frequently signal virtuous victimhood, controlling for demographic and socioeconomic variables that are commonly associated with victimization in Western societies. In Study 5, we show that a specific dimension of Machiavellianism—amoral manipulation—and a form of narcissism that reflects a person’s belief in their superior prosociality predict more frequent virtuous victim signaling. Studies 3, 4, and 6 test our hypothesis that the frequency of emitting virtuous victim signal predicts a person’s willingness to engage in and endorse ethically questionable behaviors, such as lying to earn a bonus, intention to purchase counterfeit products and moral judgments of counterfeiters, and making exaggerated claims about being harmed in an organizational context.
@article{ok_signaling_2020,
	title = {Signaling virtuous victimhood as indicators of {Dark} {Triad} personalities.},
	issn = {1939-1315, 0022-3514},
	url = {http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000329},
	doi = {10.1037/pspp0000329},
	abstract = {We investigate the consequences and predictors of emitting signals of victimhood and virtue. In our first three studies, we show that the virtuous victim signal can facilitate nonreciprocal resource transfer from others to the signaler. Next, we develop and validate a victim signaling scale that we combine with an established measure of virtue signaling to operationalize the virtuous victim construct. We show that individuals with Dark Triad traits—Machiavellianism, Narcissism, Psychopathy—more frequently signal virtuous victimhood, controlling for demographic and socioeconomic variables that are commonly associated with victimization in Western societies. In Study 5, we show that a specific dimension of Machiavellianism—amoral manipulation—and a form of narcissism that reflects a person’s belief in their superior prosociality predict more frequent virtuous victim signaling. Studies 3, 4, and 6 test our hypothesis that the frequency of emitting virtuous victim signal predicts a person’s willingness to engage in and endorse ethically questionable behaviors, such as lying to earn a bonus, intention to purchase counterfeit products and moral judgments of counterfeiters, and making exaggerated claims about being harmed in an organizational context.},
	language = {en},
	urldate = {2020-07-03},
	journal = {Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
	author = {Ok, Ekin and Qian, Yi and Strejcek, Brendan and Aquino, Karl},
	month = jul,
	year = {2020},
}
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