Designing unreinforced masonry models. Panozzo, D., Block, P., & Sorkine-Hornung, O. ACM Transactions on Graphics, 32:1, 2013.
Designing unreinforced masonry models [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
We present a complete design pipeline that allows non-expert users to design and analyze masonry structures without any structural knowledge. We optimize the force layouts both geometrically and topologically, finding a self-supported structure that is as close as possible to a given target surface. The generated structures are tessellated into hexagonal blocks with a pattern that prevents sliding failure. The models can be used in physically plausible virtual environments or 3D printed and assembled without reinforcements.

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