Social Reproduction and Mobility in Britain and Ireland in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Prandy, K. and Bottero, W. Sociology, 34(2):265-281, 2000.
Social Reproduction and Mobility in Britain and Ireland in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
This article presents some preliminary results from a historical study of social mobility in Britain and Ireland, from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century. The study is marked by a unique combination of features : (1) it follows families for up to five generations, through both maternal and paternal lines; (2) it uses a continuous measure of social position, rather than class categories; (3) this measure is derived from data on social interaction - correspondence analyses of cross-tabulations of the occupations for marriages taking place in the periods 1777-1866 and 1867-1913; (4) each individual's social position is summarised by a work-life trajectory, represented by his social location at ages 20 and 50. The analyses are based on twelve ten-year birth cohorts from 1790-99 to 1900-09. The results indicate a remarkable degree of stability of social processes of reproduction throughout this period, although there is an extremely slow shift towards a weakening of family influence. This process appears to have accelerated for those born in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, a period of both educational reform and major change in Britain's industrial organisation.
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 title = {Social Reproduction and Mobility in Britain and Ireland in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries},
 type = {article},
 year = {2000},
 keywords = {credentialism,industrialisation,occupation,social mobility,social reproduction},
 pages = {265-281},
 volume = {34},
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 abstract = {This article presents some preliminary results from a historical study of social mobility in Britain and Ireland, from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century. The study is marked by a unique combination of features : (1) it follows families for up to five generations, through both maternal and paternal lines; (2) it uses a continuous measure of social position, rather than class categories; (3) this measure is derived from data on social interaction - correspondence analyses of cross-tabulations of the occupations for marriages taking place in the periods 1777-1866 and 1867-1913; (4) each individual's social position is summarised by a work-life trajectory, represented by his social location at ages 20 and 50. The analyses are based on twelve ten-year birth cohorts from 1790-99 to 1900-09. The results indicate a remarkable degree of stability of social processes of reproduction throughout this period, although there is an extremely slow shift towards a weakening of family influence. This process appears to have accelerated for those born in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, a period of both educational reform and major change in Britain's industrial organisation.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Prandy, Kenneth and Bottero, Wendy},
 journal = {Sociology},
 number = {2}
}
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