Reionization and galaxy inference from the high-redshift Ly\\textbackslashalpha\ forest. Qin, Y., Mesinger, A., Bosman, S. E. I., & Viel, M. arXiv e-prints, 2101:arXiv:2101.09033, January, 2021.
Reionization and galaxy inference from the high-redshift Ly\\textbackslashalpha\ forest [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
The transmission of Lyman-\\textbackslashalpha\ (Ly\\textbackslashalpha\) in the spectra of distant quasars depends on the density, temperature, and ionization state of the intergalactic medium (IGM). Therefore, high-redshift (z \textgreater 5) Ly\\textbackslashalpha\ forests could be invaluable in studying the late stages of the epoch of reionization (EoR), as well as properties of the sources that drive it. Indeed, high-quality quasar spectra have now firmly established the existence of large-scale opacity fluctuations at z \textgreater 5, whose physical origins are still debated. Here we introduce a Bayesian framework capable of constraining the EoR and galaxy properties by forward-modelling the high-z Ly\\textbackslashalpha\ forest. Using priors from galaxy and CMB observations, we demonstrate that the final overlap stages of the EoR (when \textgreater95% of the volume was ionized) should occur at z \textless 5.6, in order to reproduce the large-scale opacity fluctuations seen in forest spectra. However, it is the combination of patchy reionization and the inhomogeneous UV background that produces the longest Gunn-Peterson troughs. Ly\\textbackslashalpha\ forest observations tighten existing constraints on the characteristic ionizing escape fraction of galaxies, with the combined observations suggesting f_\\textbackslashrm esc\ \textbackslashapprox 7\textasciicircum4_3%, and disfavoring a strong evolution with the galaxy's halo (or stellar) mass.
@article{qin_reionization_2021,
	title = {Reionization and galaxy inference from the high-redshift {Ly}\{{\textbackslash}alpha\} forest},
	volume = {2101},
	url = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2021arXiv210109033Q},
	abstract = {The transmission of Lyman-\{{\textbackslash}alpha\} (Ly\{{\textbackslash}alpha\}) in the spectra of distant quasars depends on the density, temperature, and ionization state of the intergalactic medium (IGM). Therefore, high-redshift (z {\textgreater} 5) Ly\{{\textbackslash}alpha\} forests could be invaluable in studying the late stages of the epoch of reionization (EoR), as well as properties of the sources that drive it. Indeed, high-quality quasar spectra have now firmly established the existence of large-scale opacity fluctuations at z {\textgreater} 5, whose physical origins are still debated. Here we introduce a Bayesian framework capable of constraining the EoR and galaxy properties by forward-modelling the high-z Ly\{{\textbackslash}alpha\} forest. Using priors from galaxy and CMB observations, we demonstrate that the final overlap stages of the EoR (when {\textgreater}95\% of the volume was ionized) should occur at z {\textless} 5.6, in order to reproduce the large-scale opacity
fluctuations seen in forest spectra. However, it is the combination of patchy reionization and the inhomogeneous UV background that produces the longest Gunn-Peterson troughs. Ly\{{\textbackslash}alpha\} forest observations tighten existing constraints on the characteristic ionizing escape fraction of galaxies, with the combined observations suggesting f\_\{{\textbackslash}rm esc\} {\textbackslash}approx 7{\textasciicircum}4\_3\%, and disfavoring a strong evolution with the galaxy's halo (or stellar) mass.},
	urldate = {2021-02-02},
	journal = {arXiv e-prints},
	author = {Qin, Yuxiang and Mesinger, Andrei and Bosman, Sarah E. I. and Viel, Matteo},
	month = jan,
	year = {2021},
	keywords = {Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics},
	pages = {arXiv:2101.09033},
}

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