Under the Radar: Mitigating Enigmatic Ecological Impacts. Raiter, K. G., Possingham, H. P., Prober, S. M., & Hobbs, R. J. 29(11):635–644.
Under the Radar: Mitigating Enigmatic Ecological Impacts [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
[Highlights] [::] There are ecological impacts that are overlooked by standard impact evaluations. [::] These 'enigmatic' impacts can be cumulative, offsite, cryptic, or secondary. [::] Enigmatic impacts can act synergistically and are hard to detect and mitigate. [::] Potential solutions include strategic assessments and insurance schemes. [Abstract] Identifying the deleterious ecological effects of developments, such as roads, mining, and urban expansion, is essential for informing development decisions and identifying appropriate mitigation actions. However, there are many types of ecological impacts that slip 'under the radar' of conventional impact evaluations and undermine the potential for successful impact mitigation (including offsets). These 'enigmatic' impacts include those that are small but act cumulatively; those outside of the area directly considered in the evaluation; those not detectable with the methods, paradigms, or spatiotemporal scales used to detect them; those facilitated, but not directly caused, by development; and synergistic impact interactions. Here, we propose a framework for conceptualising enigmatic impacts and discuss ways to address them.
@article{raiterRadarMitigatingEnigmatic2014,
  title = {Under the Radar: Mitigating Enigmatic Ecological Impacts},
  author = {Raiter, Keren G. and Possingham, Hugh P. and Prober, Suzanne M. and Hobbs, Richard J.},
  date = {2014-11},
  journaltitle = {Trends in Ecology \& Evolution},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {635--644},
  issn = {0169-5347},
  doi = {10.1016/j.tree.2014.09.003},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2014.09.003},
  abstract = {[Highlights]

[::] There are ecological impacts that are overlooked by standard impact evaluations. [::] These 'enigmatic' impacts can be cumulative, offsite, cryptic, or secondary. [::] Enigmatic impacts can act synergistically and are hard to detect and mitigate. [::] Potential solutions include strategic assessments and insurance schemes.

[Abstract]

Identifying the deleterious ecological effects of developments, such as roads, mining, and urban expansion, is essential for informing development decisions and identifying appropriate mitigation actions. However, there are many types of ecological impacts that slip 'under the radar' of conventional impact evaluations and undermine the potential for successful impact mitigation (including offsets). These 'enigmatic' impacts include those that are small but act cumulatively; those outside of the area directly considered in the evaluation; those not detectable with the methods, paradigms, or spatiotemporal scales used to detect them; those facilitated, but not directly caused, by development; and synergistic impact interactions. Here, we propose a framework for conceptualising enigmatic impacts and discuss ways to address them.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13408278,anthropogenic-impacts,biodiversity,ecology,feedback,forest-pests,forest-resources,integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management,low-intensity-cumulated-effect,non-linearity,phytophthora-cinnamomi,transdisciplinary-research},
  number = {11}
}
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