Crowds: Anonymity for web transactions. Reiter, M. K. and Rubin, A. D. ACM Transactions on Information and System Security, 1:66\textendash92, 1998.
Crowds: Anonymity for web transactions [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Crowds is a system that allows anonymous web-surfing. For each host, a random static path through the crowd is formed that then acts as a sequence of proxies, indirecting replies and responses. Vulnerable when facing adversaries that can perform traffic analysis at the local node and without responder anonymity. But highly scalable and efficient.
@article {Reiter98crowds:anonymity,
	title = {Crowds: Anonymity for web transactions},
	journal = {ACM Transactions on Information and System Security},
	volume = {1},
	year = {1998},
	pages = {66{\textendash}92},
	abstract = {Crowds is a system that allows anonymous web-surfing. For each host, a random static path through the crowd is formed that then acts as a sequence of proxies, indirecting replies and responses. Vulnerable when facing adversaries that can perform traffic analysis at the local node and without responder anonymity. But highly scalable and efficient.},
	keywords = {anonymous web browsing, Crowds},
	url = {http://avirubin.com/crowds.pdf},
	author = {Michael K. Reiter and Aviel D. Rubin}
}
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