Intergroup Threat and Outgroup Attitudes: A Meta-Analytic Review. Riek, B. M.; Mania, E. W.; and Gaertner, S. L. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10(4):336–353, November, 2006. Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc
Intergroup Threat and Outgroup Attitudes: A Meta-Analytic Review [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
This article examines the relationship between intergroup threat and negative outgroup attitudes. We first qualitatively review the intergroup threat literature, describing the shift from competing theories toward more integrated approaches, such as the integrated threat theory (ITT; W. G. Stephan & Stephan, 2000). The types of threats discussed include: realistic threat, symbolic threat, intergroup anxiety, negative stereotypes, group esteem threat, and distinctiveness threat. We then conducted a quantitative meta-analysis examining the relationships between various intergroup threats and outgroup attitudes. The meta-analysis, involving 95 samples, revealed that 5 different threat types had a positive relationship with negative outgroup attitudes. Additionally, outgroup status moderated some of these relationships. Implications and future directions are considered.
@article{riek_intergroup_2006,
	title = {Intergroup {Threat} and {Outgroup} {Attitudes}: {A} {Meta}-{Analytic} {Review}},
	volume = {10},
	issn = {1088-8683},
	shorttitle = {Intergroup {Threat} and {Outgroup} {Attitudes}},
	url = {https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327957pspr1004_4},
	doi = {10.1207/s15327957pspr1004_4},
	abstract = {This article examines the relationship between intergroup threat and negative outgroup attitudes. We first qualitatively review the intergroup threat literature, describing the shift from competing theories toward more integrated approaches, such as the integrated threat theory (ITT; W. G. Stephan \& Stephan, 2000). The types of threats discussed include: realistic threat, symbolic threat, intergroup anxiety, negative stereotypes, group esteem threat, and distinctiveness threat. We then conducted a quantitative meta-analysis examining the relationships between various intergroup threats and outgroup attitudes. The meta-analysis, involving 95 samples, revealed that 5 different threat types had a positive relationship with negative outgroup attitudes. Additionally, outgroup status moderated some of these relationships. Implications and future directions are considered.},
	language = {en},
	number = {4},
	urldate = {2020-07-09},
	journal = {Personality and Social Psychology Review},
	author = {Riek, Blake M. and Mania, Eric W. and Gaertner, Samuel L.},
	month = nov,
	year = {2006},
	note = {Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc},
	pages = {336--353},
}
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