Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control. Romeis, J.; Meissle, M.; and Bigler, F. Nature biotechnology, 24(1):63-71, Nature Publishing Group, 2006.
Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control. [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
The area devoted to growing transgenic plants expressing insecticidal Cry proteins derived from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is increasing worldwide. A major concern with the adoption of Bt crops is their potential impact on nontarget organisms including biological control organisms. Regulatory frameworks should advocate a step-wise (tiered) approach to assess possible nontarget effects of Bt crops. Laboratory and glasshouse studies have revealed effects on natural enemies only when Bt-susceptible, sublethally damaged herbivores were used as prey or host, with no indication of direct toxic effects. Field studies have confirmed that the abundance and activity of parasitoids and predators are similar in Bt and non-Bt crops. In contrast, applications of conventional insecticides have usually resulted in negative impacts on biological control organisms. Because Bt-transgenic varieties can lead to substantial reductions in insecticide use in some crops, they can contribute to integrated pest management systems with a strong biological control component.
@article{
 title = {Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control.},
 type = {article},
 year = {2006},
 identifiers = {[object Object]},
 keywords = {bacillus thuringiensis,bacillus thuringiensis genetics,bacillus thuringiensis metabolism,bacterial proteins,bacterial proteins adverse effects,bacterial proteins genetics,bacterial proteins metabolism,biological,biological methods,consumer product safety,genetically modified,genetically modified adverse effects,genetically modified genetics,genetically modified metabolism,insecticide resistance,insecticide resistance physiology,pest control,plants,risk assessment,risk assessment methods,risk factors},
 pages = {63-71},
 volume = {24},
 websites = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16404399},
 publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
 institution = {Agroscope FAL Reckenholz, Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture, Reckenholzstr. 191, 8046 Zurich, Switzerland. Joerg.Romeis@fal.admin.ch},
 id = {b03218f2-e35f-3344-8134-ebbd542350e8},
 created = {2015-07-21T19:14:16.000Z},
 file_attached = {true},
 profile_id = {1a467167-0a41-3583-a6a3-034c31031332},
 group_id = {0e532975-1a47-38a4-ace8-4fe5968bcd72},
 last_modified = {2015-07-23T20:45:14.000Z},
 read = {false},
 starred = {false},
 authored = {false},
 confirmed = {true},
 hidden = {false},
 citation_key = {Romeis2006},
 abstract = {The area devoted to growing transgenic plants expressing insecticidal Cry proteins derived from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is increasing worldwide. A major concern with the adoption of Bt crops is their potential impact on nontarget organisms including biological control organisms. Regulatory frameworks should advocate a step-wise (tiered) approach to assess possible nontarget effects of Bt crops. Laboratory and glasshouse studies have revealed effects on natural enemies only when Bt-susceptible, sublethally damaged herbivores were used as prey or host, with no indication of direct toxic effects. Field studies have confirmed that the abundance and activity of parasitoids and predators are similar in Bt and non-Bt crops. In contrast, applications of conventional insecticides have usually resulted in negative impacts on biological control organisms. Because Bt-transgenic varieties can lead to substantial reductions in insecticide use in some crops, they can contribute to integrated pest management systems with a strong biological control component.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Romeis, Jörg and Meissle, Michael and Bigler, Franz},
 journal = {Nature biotechnology},
 number = {1}
}
Downloads: 0