From Tides to Mixing Along the Hawaiian Ridge. Rudnick, D. L., Boyd, T. J., Brainard, R. E., Carter, G. S., Egbert, G. D., Gregg, M. C., Holloway, P. E., Klymak, J. M., Kunze, E., Lee, C. M., Levine, M. D., Luther, D. S., Martin, J. P., Merrifield, M. A., Moum, J. N., Nash, J. D., Pinkel, R., Rainville, L., & Sanford, T. B. Science, 301(5631):355–357, 2003.
abstract   bibtex   
The cascade from tides to turbulence has been hypothesized to serve as a major energy pathway for ocean mixing. We investigated this cascade along the Hawaiian Ridge using observations and numerical models. A divergence of internal tidal energy flux observed at the ridge agrees with the predictions of internal tide models. Large internal tidal waves with peak-to-peak amplitudes of up to 300 meters occur on the ridge. Internal-wave energy is enhanced, and turbulent dissipation in the region near the ridge is 10 times larger than open-ocean values. Given these major elements in the tides-to-turbulence cascade, an energy budget approaches closure.
@Article{	  rudnicketal03,
  Abstract	= {The cascade from tides to turbulence has been hypothesized
		  to serve as a major energy pathway for ocean mixing. We
		  investigated this cascade along the Hawaiian Ridge using
		  observations and numerical models. A divergence of internal
		  tidal energy flux observed at the ridge agrees with the
		  predictions of internal tide models. Large internal tidal
		  waves with peak-to-peak amplitudes of up to 300 meters
		  occur on the ridge. Internal-wave energy is enhanced, and
		  turbulent dissipation in the region near the ridge is 10
		  times larger than open-ocean values. Given these major
		  elements in the tides-to-turbulence cascade, an energy
		  budget approaches closure. },
  Author	= {Rudnick, Daniel L. and Boyd, Timothy J. and Brainard,
		  Russell E. and Carter, Glenn S. and Egbert, Gary D. and
		  Gregg, Michael C. and Holloway, Peter E. and Klymak, Jody
		  M. and Kunze, Eric and Lee, Craig M. and Levine, Murray D.
		  and Luther, Douglas S. and Martin, Joseph P. and
		  Merrifield, Mark A. and Moum, James N. and Nash, Jonathan
		  D. and Pinkel, Robert and Rainville, Luc and Sanford,
		  Thomas B.},
  date-modified	= {2021-06-10 16:36:30 -0700},
  jmkpubtype	= {refereed,ClassProj},
  Journal	= {Science},
  Keywords	= {jmkrefereed},
  Number	= {5631},
  Pages		= {355--357},
  PDF		= {http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/301/5631/355.pdf},
  Title		= {From Tides to Mixing Along the {Hawaiian Ridge}},
  Volume	= {301},
  Year		= {2003}
}
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