Spoken Soul: The Language of Black Imagination and Reality. Sealey-Ruiz, Y. The Educational Forum, 70(1):37–46, March, 2006.
Spoken Soul: The Language of Black Imagination and Reality [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Despite American schools administrators' refusal to accept the language of African-American students and their overzealousness to frame language and literacy skills in terms of an “achievement gap,” African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) is the language of African-American imagination and reality. This article discusses the characteristics of AAVE that make it a real language, as well as The Dozens—an original use of AAVE and one of many creative vehicles of expression used in the African-American community. The article also describes how African-American adult learners used AAVE in their composition class discussions and writings.
@article{sealey-ruiz_spoken_2006,
	title = {Spoken {Soul}: {The} {Language} of {Black} {Imagination} and {Reality}},
	volume = {70},
	issn = {0013-1725, 1938-8098},
	shorttitle = {Spoken {Soul}},
	url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00131720508984870},
	doi = {10.1080/00131720508984870},
	abstract = {Despite American schools administrators' refusal to accept the language of African-American students and their overzealousness to frame language and literacy skills in terms of an “achievement gap,” African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) is the language of African-American imagination and reality. This article discusses the characteristics of AAVE that make it a real language, as well as The Dozens—an original use of AAVE and one of many creative vehicles of expression used in the African-American community. The article also describes how African-American adult learners used AAVE in their composition class discussions and writings.},
	language = {en},
	number = {1},
	urldate = {2020-05-21},
	journal = {The Educational Forum},
	author = {Sealey-Ruiz, Yolanda},
	month = mar,
	year = {2006},
	keywords = {The Dozens},
	pages = {37--46},
}
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