The Age of Female Computers. Skinner, D. The New Atlantis, Spring, 2006.
The Age of Female Computers [link]Paper  bibtex   
    author = {David Skinner},
    title = {{The Age of Female Computers}},
    journal = {The New Atlantis},
    Number = {12},
    month = {Spring},
    year =2006,
    pages = {96--103},
    url = {},    
    urldate = {2017-07-25},
    annote = {
    Adele Goldstine, the wife of a ballistics officer who had done graduate work in mathematics. Goldstine set up a classroom program to educate their own team of computers and promptly hung a “women only” sign on the door of their lab.
    Richard Feynman, then a junior staff member at Los Alamos, arranged a showdown between man and machine, pitting a group of human computers against the Los Alamos IBM facility with both performing a calculation for the plutonium bomb. For two days, the human computers were able to keep up with the machines. “But on the third day,” recalled one observer, “the punched-card machine operation began to move decisively ahead, as the people performing the hand computing could not sustain their initial fast pace, while the machines did not tire.” Shortly after the war, the machines took over; their human accompanists were now “operators” and “programmers”.

Downloads: 0