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The incompressibility (compression modulus) K0 of infinite symmetric nuclear matter at saturation density has become one of the major constraints on mean-field models of nuclear many-body systems as well as of models of high density matter in astrophysical objects and heavy-ion collisions. It is usually extracted from data on the giant monopole resonance (GMR) or calculated using theoretical models. We present a comprehensive reanalysis of recent data on GMR energies in even-even 112-124Sn and 106,100-116Cd and earlier data on 58≤A≤208 nuclei. The incompressibility of finite nuclei KA is calculated from experimental GMR energies and expressed in terms of A-1/3 and the asymmetry parameter $\beta$=(N-Z)/A as a leptodermous expansion with volume, surface, isospin, and Coulomb coefficients Kvol, Ksurf, K$\tau$, and KCoul. Only data consistent with the scaling approximation, leading to a fast converging leptodermous expansion, with negligible higher-order-term contributions to KA, were used in the present analysis. Assuming that the volume coefficient Kvol is identified with K0, the KCoul=-(5.2±0.7) MeV and the contribution from the curvature term KcurvA-2/3 in the expansion is neglected, compelling evidence is found for K0 to be in the range 250

@article{Stone2014, abstract = {The incompressibility (compression modulus) K0 of infinite symmetric nuclear matter at saturation density has become one of the major constraints on mean-field models of nuclear many-body systems as well as of models of high density matter in astrophysical objects and heavy-ion collisions. It is usually extracted from data on the giant monopole resonance (GMR) or calculated using theoretical models. We present a comprehensive reanalysis of recent data on GMR energies in even-even 112-124Sn and 106,100-116Cd and earlier data on 58≤A≤208 nuclei. The incompressibility of finite nuclei KA is calculated from experimental GMR energies and expressed in terms of A-1/3 and the asymmetry parameter $\beta$=(N-Z)/A as a leptodermous expansion with volume, surface, isospin, and Coulomb coefficients Kvol, Ksurf, K$\tau$, and KCoul. Only data consistent with the scaling approximation, leading to a fast converging leptodermous expansion, with negligible higher-order-term contributions to KA, were used in the present analysis. Assuming that the volume coefficient Kvol is identified with K0, the KCoul=-(5.2±0.7) MeV and the contribution from the curvature term KcurvA-2/3 in the expansion is neglected, compelling evidence is found for K0 to be in the range 250 <K0< 315 MeV, the ratio of the surface and volume coefficients c=Ksurf/Kvol to be between -2.4 and -1.6 and K$\tau$ between -840 and -350 MeV. In addition, estimation of the volume and surface parts of the isospin coefficient K$\tau$, K$\tau$,v, and K$\tau$,s, is presented. We show that the generally accepted value of K0 = (240 ± 20) MeV can be obtained from the fits provided c∼-1, as predicted by the majority of mean-field models. However, the fits are significantly improved if c is allowed to vary, leading to a range of K0, extended to higher values. The results demonstrate the importance of nuclear surface properties in determination of K0 from fits to the leptodermous expansion of KA. A self-consistent simple (toy) model has been developed, which shows that the density dependence of the surface diffuseness of a vibrating nucleus plays a major role in determination of the ratio Ksurf/Kvol and yields predictions consistent with our findings. {\textcopyright} 2014 American Physical Society.}, archivePrefix = {arXiv}, arxivId = {1404.0744}, author = {Stone, J. R. and Stone, N. J. and Moszkowski, S. A.}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.89.044316}, eprint = {1404.0744}, issn = {1089490X}, journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics}, number = {4}, title = {{Incompressibility in finite nuclei and nuclear matter}}, volume = {89}, year = {2014} }

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