Atmospheric reactive chlorine and bromine at the Great Salt Lake, Utah. Stutz, J.; Ackermann, R.; Fast, J., D.; and Barrie, L. Geophysical Research Letters, 29(10):art. no.-1380, 2002.
Atmospheric reactive chlorine and bromine at the Great Salt Lake, Utah [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
[1] The presence of chlorine radical species in the lower troposphere has been postulated, but only indirect evidence of its existence has been reported. We present the first direct spectroscopic observations of up to 15 +/- 2 pmoles/ mole-air chlorine oxide (ClO) in the mid-latitude boundary layer and confirm a previous discovery of the existence of bromine oxide (up to 6 +/- 0.4 pmoles/ mole-air BrO). Our observations from October 2000 suggest that reactive halogens are mobilized from salt on the flats around the Great Salt Lake, Utah. The results imply levels of 10(5) Cl atoms per cm(3), which doubles the atmospheric oxidation capacity. Ozone concentrations are anticorrelated with the halogen oxide levels, particularly BrO, indicating that ozone depletion by catalytic reaction cycles may have occurred. If the mobilization of halogens from salt flats that was observed here is widespread, there are important implications for atmospheric chemistry and the biogeochemical cycling of mercury.
@article{
 title = {Atmospheric reactive chlorine and bromine at the Great Salt Lake, Utah},
 type = {article},
 year = {2002},
 keywords = {231-,794 nm range,br-2,brcl,chemistry,cross-sections,gome,optical-absorption spectroscopy,ozone destruction,sensing reference data,troposphere},
 pages = {art. no.-1380},
 volume = {29},
 websites = {<Go to ISI>://000178888300126},
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 abstract = {[1] The presence of chlorine radical species in the lower troposphere has been postulated, but only indirect evidence of its existence has been reported. We present the first direct spectroscopic observations of up to 15 +/- 2 pmoles/ mole-air chlorine oxide (ClO) in the mid-latitude boundary layer and confirm a previous discovery of the existence of bromine oxide (up to 6 +/- 0.4 pmoles/ mole-air BrO). Our observations from October 2000 suggest that reactive halogens are mobilized from salt on the flats around the Great Salt Lake, Utah. The results imply levels of 10(5) Cl atoms per cm(3), which doubles the atmospheric oxidation capacity. Ozone concentrations are anticorrelated with the halogen oxide levels, particularly BrO, indicating that ozone depletion by catalytic reaction cycles may have occurred. If the mobilization of halogens from salt flats that was observed here is widespread, there are important implications for atmospheric chemistry and the biogeochemical cycling of mercury.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Stutz, J and Ackermann, R and Fast, J D and Barrie, L},
 journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
 number = {10}
}
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