Substitute Addiction: A Concern for Researchers and Practitioners. Sussman, S. & Black, D. S. Journal of Drug Education, 38(2):167–180, June, 2008.
Substitute Addiction: A Concern for Researchers and Practitioners [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
An understanding of the role of substitute addictions remains unclear. This article examines the range and possible reward functions of substitute addictions. We suggest that prevention education and treatment need to take into account substitute addictions as an influential aspect of recovery. Research is needed to better understand the prevalence and functions of, and solutions to substitute addictions. Other examples of concurrent multiple addictive behaviors are identified in theliterature. Compulsive spenders are relatively likely to suffer from drug abuse,eating disorders, and pathological gambling (e.g., Schlosser, Black, Repertinger,& Freet, 1994). Co-morbid alcohol and nicotine addictions are widespread andprovide evidence to the overlap between genetic, behavioral, and neuro-chemicalfactors (Li, Volkow, Baler, & Egit, 2007; Sussman & Ames, 2001). Therefore,some behaviors may not serve as substitutes for a previous behavior, but rather
@article{sussman_substitute_2008,
	title = {Substitute {Addiction}: {A} {Concern} for {Researchers} and {Practitioners}},
	volume = {38},
	issn = {0047-2379},
	shorttitle = {Substitute {Addiction}},
	url = {https://doi.org/10.2190/DE.38.2.e},
	doi = {10.2190/DE.38.2.e},
	abstract = {An understanding of the role of substitute addictions remains unclear. This article examines the range and possible reward functions of substitute addictions. We suggest that prevention education and treatment need to take into account substitute addictions as an influential aspect of recovery. Research is needed to better understand the prevalence and functions of, and solutions to substitute addictions. Other examples of concurrent multiple addictive behaviors are identified in theliterature. Compulsive spenders are relatively likely to suffer from drug abuse,eating disorders, and pathological gambling (e.g., Schlosser, Black, Repertinger,\& Freet, 1994). Co-morbid alcohol and nicotine addictions are widespread andprovide evidence to the overlap between genetic, behavioral, and neuro-chemicalfactors (Li, Volkow, Baler, \& Egit, 2007; Sussman \& Ames, 2001). Therefore,some behaviors may not serve as substitutes for a previous behavior, but rather},
	language = {en},
	number = {2},
	urldate = {2019-03-13TZ},
	journal = {Journal of Drug Education},
	author = {Sussman, Steve and Black, David S.},
	month = jun,
	year = {2008},
	pages = {167--180}
}

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