dGEMRIC (delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage) indicates adaptive capacity of human knee cartilage. Tiderius, C. J., Svensson, J., Leander, P., Ola, T., & Dahlberg, L. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 51(2):286–290, February, 2004.
doi  abstract   bibtex   
Delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC) is a new imaging technique to estimate joint cartilage glycosaminoglycan content by T1-relaxation time measurements after penetration of the hydrophilic contrast agent Gd-DTPA(2-). This study compares dGEMRIC in age-matched healthy volunteers with different levels of physical activity: Group 1 (n = 12): nonexercising individuals; Group 2 (n = 16): individuals with physical exercise averaging twice weekly; Group 3 (n = 9): male elite runners. dGEMRIC was performed 2 hr after an intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA(2-) at 0.3 mmol/kg body weight. T1 differed significantly between the three different levels of physical exercise. T1 values (mean of medial and lateral femoral cartilage) for Groups 1, 2, and 3 were: 382 +/- 33, 424 +/- 22 and 476 +/- 36, respectively (ms, mean +/- SD) (P = 0.0004, 1 vs. 2 and 0.0002, 2 vs. 3). Irrespective of the exercise level, T1 was longer in lateral compared to medial femoral cartilage (P = 0.00005; n = 37). In conclusion, this cross-sectional study indicates that human knee cartilage adapts to exercise by increasing the glycosaminoglycan content. Furthermore, results suggest a compartmental difference within the knee with a higher glycosaminoglycan content in lateral compared to medial femoral cartilage. A higher proportion of extracellular water, i.e., larger distribution volume, may to some extent explain the high T1 in the elite runners.
@article{tiderius_dgemric_2004,
	title = {{dGEMRIC} (delayed gadolinium-enhanced {MRI} of cartilage) indicates adaptive capacity of human knee cartilage},
	volume = {51},
	issn = {0740-3194},
	doi = {10.1002/mrm.10714},
	abstract = {Delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC) is a new imaging technique to estimate joint cartilage glycosaminoglycan content by T1-relaxation time measurements after penetration of the hydrophilic contrast agent Gd-DTPA(2-). This study compares dGEMRIC in age-matched healthy volunteers with different levels of physical activity: Group 1 (n = 12): nonexercising individuals; Group 2 (n = 16): individuals with physical exercise averaging twice weekly; Group 3 (n = 9): male elite runners. dGEMRIC was performed 2 hr after an intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA(2-) at 0.3 mmol/kg body weight. T1 differed significantly between the three different levels of physical exercise. T1 values (mean of medial and lateral femoral cartilage) for Groups 1, 2, and 3 were: 382 +/- 33, 424 +/- 22 and 476 +/- 36, respectively (ms, mean +/- SD) (P = 0.0004, 1 vs. 2 and 0.0002, 2 vs. 3). Irrespective of the exercise level, T1 was longer in lateral compared to medial femoral cartilage (P = 0.00005; n = 37). In conclusion, this cross-sectional study indicates that human knee cartilage adapts to exercise by increasing the glycosaminoglycan content. Furthermore, results suggest a compartmental difference within the knee with a higher glycosaminoglycan content in lateral compared to medial femoral cartilage. A higher proportion of extracellular water, i.e., larger distribution volume, may to some extent explain the high T1 in the elite runners.},
	language = {eng},
	number = {2},
	journal = {Magnetic Resonance in Medicine},
	author = {Tiderius, Carl Johan and Svensson, Jonas and Leander, Peter and Ola, Thorsson and Dahlberg, Leif},
	month = feb,
	year = {2004},
	pmid = {14755653},
	keywords = {Adult, Biomechanical Phenomena, Cartilage, Articular, Contrast Media, Exercise, Female, Gadolinium DTPA, Glycosaminoglycans, Humans, Knee Joint, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male},
	pages = {286--290}
}

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