Towards a Cross-Domain Interoperable Framework for Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction Information. Tomas, R.; Harrison, M.; Barredo, J. I.; Thomas, F.; Llorente Isidro, M.; Pfeiffer, M.; and Čerba, O.
Towards a Cross-Domain Interoperable Framework for Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction Information [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
According to the United Nations' International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, ” natural hazards are processes or phenomena that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage”. They are at the interface between human and natural systems. From this perspective, natural hazards are a multidimensional domain including environmental issues, the private and public sector and citizens and governance ranging from local to supranational. The vast amount of information and data necessary for comprehensive hazard and risk assessment present many challenges regarding the lack of accessibility, comparability, quality, organisation and dissemination of natural hazards spatial data. In order to mitigate these limitations, an interoperability framework has been developed and published in the INSPIRE Data Specification on Natural Risk Zones – technical guidelines (DS) document. This framework provides means for facilitating access, integration, harmonisation and dissemination of natural hazard data from different domains and sources. The objective of this paper is twofold. Firstly, the paper highlights the key aspects of the interoperability to the various natural hazard communities and illustrates the applicability of the interoperability framework developed in the DS. And secondly, the paper ” translates” into common language the main features and potentiality of the interoperability framework of the DS for a wider audience of scientists and practitioners in the natural hazard domain. In this paper, the four pillars of the interoperability framework will be presented. First, the adoption of a common terminology for the natural hazard domain will be addressed. A common data model to facilitate cross-domain data integration will then follow. Thirdly, the common methodology developed to express qualitative or quantitative assessments of natural hazards is presented. Fourthly, the extensible classification schema for natural hazards developed from a literature review and key reference documents from the contributing community of practice is discussed. Furthermore, the applicability of the interoperability framework for the various stakeholder groups is illustrated. This paper closes discussing main advantages, limitations and next steps regarding the sustainability and evolution of the interoperability framework.
@article{tomasCrossdomainInteroperableFramework2015,
  title = {Towards a Cross-Domain Interoperable Framework for Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction Information},
  author = {Tomas, Robert and Harrison, Matthew and Barredo, José I. and Thomas, Florian and Llorente Isidro, Miguel and Pfeiffer, Manuela and Čerba, Otakar},
  date = {2015},
  journaltitle = {Natural Hazards},
  pages = {1--19},
  issn = {1573-0840},
  doi = {10.1007/s11069-015-1786-7},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-015-1786-7},
  abstract = {According to the United Nations' International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, ” natural hazards are processes or phenomena that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage”. They are at the interface between human and natural systems. From this perspective, natural hazards are a multidimensional domain including environmental issues, the private and public sector and citizens and governance ranging from local to supranational. The vast amount of information and data necessary for comprehensive hazard and risk assessment present many challenges regarding the lack of accessibility, comparability, quality, organisation and dissemination of natural hazards spatial data. In order to mitigate these limitations, an interoperability framework has been developed and published in the INSPIRE Data Specification on Natural Risk Zones -- technical guidelines (DS) document. This framework provides means for facilitating access, integration, harmonisation and dissemination of natural hazard data from different domains and sources. The objective of this paper is twofold. Firstly, the paper highlights the key aspects of the interoperability to the various natural hazard communities and illustrates the applicability of the interoperability framework developed in the DS. And secondly, the paper ” translates” into common language the main features and potentiality of the interoperability framework of the DS for a wider audience of scientists and practitioners in the natural hazard domain. In this paper, the four pillars of the interoperability framework will be presented. First, the adoption of a common terminology for the natural hazard domain will be addressed. A common data model to facilitate cross-domain data integration will then follow. Thirdly, the common methodology developed to express qualitative or quantitative assessments of natural hazards is presented. Fourthly, the extensible classification schema for natural hazards developed from a literature review and key reference documents from the contributing community of practice is discussed. Furthermore, the applicability of the interoperability framework for the various stakeholder groups is illustrated. This paper closes discussing main advantages, limitations and next steps regarding the sustainability and evolution of the interoperability framework.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13627877,~to-add-doi-URL,disasters,inspire,interoperability,natural-hazards,risk-assessment}
}
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