Structure and Regeneration Patterns of Pinus Nigra Subsp. Salzmannii Natural Forests: A Basic Knowledge for Adaptive Management in a Changing Climate. T́ıscar, P. A. and Linares, J. C. 2(4):1013–1030.
Structure and Regeneration Patterns of Pinus Nigra Subsp. Salzmannii Natural Forests: A Basic Knowledge for Adaptive Management in a Changing Climate [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Since climate change projections contain many uncertainties and are normally unable to predict the direction and magnitude of change at the small scale needed by forest managers, some understanding about the functioning of the target forest should be obtained before a robust management strategy can be applied. Structure and regeneration patterns are related to key ecosystem processes which, on the other hand, can be modified by silvicultural treatments. In this research, the structure and recruitment dynamics of two stands with different histories of management were investigated in the southern limit of the range of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii (Southeast Spain). We described forest structure and facilitation effects by forest canopies and nurse shrubs, and quantified the processes affecting each stage of regeneration (dispersed seed, first year seedling and second year seedling) in different microhabitats. Forest structure was more complex in the stand scarcely influenced by human activities. Juniperus communis shrubs seemed to facilitate the establishment of tree saplings. Most seedlings died of desiccation during their first summer. At best, 190 out of 10,000 emerged seedlings survived the first summer. In light of these results, the possibilities of applying close-to-nature forestry in the study forests and other aspects of silviculture under a frame of adaptive forest management are discussed.
@article{tiscarStructureRegenerationPatterns2011,
  title = {Structure and {{Regeneration Patterns}} of {{Pinus}} Nigra Subsp. Salzmannii {{Natural Forests}}: {{A Basic Knowledge}} for {{Adaptive Management}} in a {{Changing Climate}}},
  author = {T́ıscar, Pedro A. and Linares, Juan C.},
  date = {2011-12},
  journaltitle = {Forests},
  volume = {2},
  pages = {1013--1030},
  issn = {1999-4907},
  doi = {10.3390/f2041013},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.3390/f2041013},
  abstract = {Since climate change projections contain many uncertainties and are normally unable to predict the direction and magnitude of change at the small scale needed by forest managers, some understanding about the functioning of the target forest should be obtained before a robust management strategy can be applied. Structure and regeneration patterns are related to key ecosystem processes which, on the other hand, can be modified by silvicultural treatments. In this research, the structure and recruitment dynamics of two stands with different histories of management were investigated in the southern limit of the range of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii (Southeast Spain). We described forest structure and facilitation effects by forest canopies and nurse shrubs, and quantified the processes affecting each stage of regeneration (dispersed seed, first year seedling and second year seedling) in different microhabitats. Forest structure was more complex in the stand scarcely influenced by human activities. Juniperus communis shrubs seemed to facilitate the establishment of tree saplings. Most seedlings died of desiccation during their first summer. At best, 190 out of 10,000 emerged seedlings survived the first summer. In light of these results, the possibilities of applying close-to-nature forestry in the study forests and other aspects of silviculture under a frame of adaptive forest management are discussed.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-10124049,climate-change,forest-regeneration,forest-structure,pinus-nigra},
  number = {4}
}
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