Products of the gas-phase reactions of a series of methyl substituted ethenes with the OH radical. Tuazon, E., C., Aschmann, S., M., Arey, J., & Atkinson, R. Environmental Science & Technology, 32(14):2106-2112, 1998.
abstract   bibtex   
Alkenes are a significant component of ambient air in urban areas, and in the atmosphere they react with OH radicals, NO3 radicals, and O-3, with the OH radical reaction often dominating as the tropospheric removal process. Products of the gas-phase reactions of the OH radical with 2-methylpropene, cis-2-butene, 2-methyl-2-butene, and 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene in the presence of NO have been investigated at room temperature and 740 Torr total pressure of air by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection, in situ Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy, and in situ atmospheric pressure ionization tandem mass spectrometry (API-MS). For all four alkenes, hydroxynitrate formation from the beta-hydroxyalkyl peroxy radical plus NO reaction accounted for similar to 10% of the overall products observed, with decomposition of the intermediate beta-hydroxyalkoxy radical dominating over the alternative reaction with O-2 (isomerization via a six-member transition state is not possible for any of the intermediate beta-hydroxyalkoxy radicals formed in these reactions) and leading to the formation of the carbonyls expected from >C= C< bond cleavage in similar to 90% yield each. These data are consistent with estimates of the rates of the various reactions of beta-hydroxyalkoxy radicals under atmospheric conditions. API-MS analyses of the OH radical-initiated reactions of propene, 2-methylpropene, cis- and trans-2-butene, 2-methyl-2- butene, and 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene in the absence of NO indicated the formation of the hydroxyhydroperoxides, dihydroxyalkanes, and hydroxycarbonyls expected from the reactions of intermediate beta-hydroxyalkyl peroxy radicals with HO2 and organic peroxy radicals, in addition to the carbonyl compounds formed from decomposition of the beta- hydroxyalkoxy radicals also formed from the peroxy plus peroxy radical reactions.
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 title = {Products of the gas-phase reactions of a series of methyl substituted ethenes with the OH radical},
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 year = {1998},
 pages = {2106-2112},
 volume = {32},
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 abstract = {Alkenes are a significant component of ambient air in urban areas, and in the atmosphere they react with OH radicals, NO3 radicals, and O-3, with the OH radical reaction often dominating as the tropospheric removal process. Products of the gas-phase reactions of the OH radical with 2-methylpropene, cis-2-butene, 2-methyl-2-butene, and 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene in the presence of NO have been investigated at room temperature and 740 Torr total pressure of air by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection, in situ Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy, and in situ atmospheric pressure ionization tandem mass spectrometry (API-MS). For all four alkenes, hydroxynitrate formation from the beta-hydroxyalkyl peroxy radical plus NO reaction accounted for similar to 10% of the overall products observed, with decomposition of the intermediate beta-hydroxyalkoxy radical dominating over the alternative reaction with O-2 (isomerization via a six-member transition state is not possible for any of the intermediate beta-hydroxyalkoxy radicals formed in these reactions) and leading to the formation of the carbonyls expected from >C= C< bond cleavage in similar to 90% yield each. These data are consistent with estimates of the rates of the various reactions of beta-hydroxyalkoxy radicals under atmospheric conditions. API-MS analyses of the OH radical-initiated reactions of propene, 2-methylpropene, cis- and trans-2-butene, 2-methyl-2- butene, and 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene in the absence of NO indicated the formation of the hydroxyhydroperoxides, dihydroxyalkanes, and hydroxycarbonyls expected from the reactions of intermediate beta-hydroxyalkyl peroxy radicals with HO2 and organic peroxy radicals, in addition to the carbonyl compounds formed from decomposition of the beta- hydroxyalkoxy radicals also formed from the peroxy plus peroxy radical reactions.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Tuazon, E C and Aschmann, S M and Arey, J and Atkinson, R},
 journal = {Environmental Science & Technology},
 number = {14}
}

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