The questioning theory of policy practice: outline of an integrated analytical framework. Turnbull, N. Critical Policy Studies, 0(0):1--17.
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Policy analysis is distinctive in its concern with problems and practice. However, the ‘problem-solving’ presupposition of rational policy analysis is inadequate, as is the conception of practice. The challenge for policy theory is to retain the problem orientation while rethinking it to include insights about the problematization of governance and the practice of policy work. This article aims to do this through an original application of an innovative theory of questioning that articulates a constructivist logic of question and answer. It operates through distinguishing between two types of answers, strong and weak repressions of questions. Policy work is practical questioning by individuals that distinguishes between what is problematic and what is not. Policy practice involves both the repression of questions through practice and the explication of questions through reflection. This takes a different form across different domains of questioning, each of which contributes to the practical logic of policy practitioners. The various questioning domains involve their own legitimation questions, forces acting to repress or explicate questions, and three general Rhetorical forms of questions expressed as ethos, logos and pathos. This logic synthesizes Rhetoric with the problem orientation, indicating how values, problems and emotions are involved in each questioning domain. It thus integrates a range of governance and policy theories within a single conceptual framework.
@article{turnbull_questioning_????,
	title = {The questioning theory of policy practice: outline of an integrated analytical framework},
	volume = {0},
	issn = {1946-0171},
	shorttitle = {The questioning theory of policy practice},
	url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19460171.2013.776501},
	doi = {10.1080/19460171.2013.776501},
	abstract = {Policy analysis is distinctive in its concern with problems and practice. However, the ‘problem-solving’ presupposition of rational policy analysis is inadequate, as is the conception of practice. The challenge for policy theory is to retain the problem orientation while rethinking it to include insights about the problematization of governance and the practice of policy work. This article aims to do this through an original application of an innovative theory of questioning that articulates a constructivist logic of question and answer. It operates through distinguishing between two types of answers, strong and weak repressions of questions. Policy work is practical questioning by individuals that distinguishes between what is problematic and what is not. Policy practice involves both the repression of questions through practice and the explication of questions through reflection. This takes a different form across different domains of questioning, each of which contributes to the practical logic of policy practitioners. The various questioning domains involve their own legitimation questions, forces acting to repress or explicate questions, and three general Rhetorical forms of questions expressed as ethos, logos and pathos. This logic synthesizes Rhetoric with the problem orientation, indicating how values, problems and emotions are involved in each questioning domain. It thus integrates a range of governance and policy theories within a single conceptual framework.},
	number = {0},
	urldate = {2013-05-08},
	journal = {Critical Policy Studies},
	author = {Turnbull, Nick},
	pages = {1--17}
}
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