arXiv:2106.07967v3 [cs.CL], 2022. Paper doi abstract bibtex
We present two supervised (pre-)training methods to incorporate gloss definitions from lexical resources into neural language models (LMs). The training improves our models' performance for Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) but also benefits general language understanding tasks while adding almost no parameters. We evaluate our techniques with seven different neural LMs and find that XLNet is more suitable for WSD than BERT. Our best-performing methods exceeds state-of-the-art WSD techniques on the SemCor 3.0 dataset by 0.5% F1 and increase BERT's performance on the GLUE benchmark by 1.1% on average.