Relating drug response to epigenetic and genetic markers using a region-based kernel score test. Yasmeen, S., Burger, P., Friedrichs, S., Papiol, S., & Bickeb"oller, H. BMC Proceedings, 12(Suppl 9):47, 2018.
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In GAW20, we investigated the association of specific genetic regions of interest (ROIs) with log-transformed triglyceride (TG) levels following lipid-lowering medication using epigenetic and genetic markers. The goal was to incorporate kernels for cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) markers and compare the kernels to a purely parametric model. Post-treatment TG levels were investigated for post-methylation data at CpG sites and region-specific SNPs and adjusted for pre-treatment TG levels and age, in independent individuals only (real data: n = 150; simulated data, replicate 84: n = 111). In both data sets, our single-CpG-marker results using kernels and linear regression were in good agreement. In the real data, we investigated the introns of the CPT1A gene previously reported as associated with TG levels as separate ROIs, and were able to find hints of an association of cg17058475 and cg00574958 with post-treatment TG levels. In the simulated data, we investigated a total of 10 regions, in which the 5 causal and 5 non-causal markers lie, respectively, with increased methylation variances, yielding plausible results for the 3 window sizes. Overall, this indicates that kernels for CpG markers are feasible. An interaction regression model for the causal SNP with the nearest CpG marker identified an effect for the SNPs with the three greatest heritabilities simulated. The simulation model assumed full SNP effect only for unmethylated regions decreasing to zero in the case of full methylation. Thus, in the context of a clear candidate setting, interaction between epigenetic and genetic data may enhance information, albeit nominally, even with small sample sizes. Relieving the burden of multiple testing, developing kernels further to analyze data from multiple omics jointly is well warranted.
@article{Yasmeen2018Relating,
 abstract = {In GAW20, we investigated the association of specific genetic regions of interest (ROIs) with log-transformed triglyceride (TG) levels following lipid-lowering medication using epigenetic and genetic markers. The goal was to incorporate kernels for cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) markers and compare the kernels to a purely parametric model. Post-treatment TG levels were investigated for post-methylation data at CpG sites and region-specific SNPs and adjusted for pre-treatment TG levels and age, in independent individuals only (real data: n = 150; simulated data, replicate 84: n = 111). In both data sets, our single-CpG-marker results using kernels and linear regression were in good agreement. In the real data, we investigated the introns of the CPT1A gene previously reported as associated with TG levels as separate ROIs, and were able to find hints of an association of cg17058475 and cg00574958 with post-treatment TG levels. In the simulated data, we investigated a total of 10 regions, in which the 5 causal and 5 non-causal markers lie, respectively, with increased methylation variances, yielding plausible results for the 3 window sizes. Overall, this indicates that kernels for CpG markers are feasible. An interaction regression model for the causal SNP with the nearest CpG marker identified an effect for the SNPs with the three greatest heritabilities simulated. The simulation model assumed full SNP effect only for unmethylated regions decreasing to zero in the case of full methylation. Thus, in the context of a clear candidate setting, interaction between epigenetic and genetic data may enhance information, albeit nominally, even with small sample sizes. Relieving the burden of multiple testing, developing kernels further to analyze data from multiple omics jointly is well warranted.},
 author = {Yasmeen, Summaira and Burger, Patricia and Friedrichs, Stefanie and Papiol, Sergi and Bickeb{\"o}ller, Heike},
 year = {2018},
 title = {{Relating drug response to epigenetic and genetic markers using a region-based kernel score test}},
 keywords = {gen;phd},
 pages = {47},
 volume = {12},
 number = {Suppl 9},
 issn = {1753-6561},
 journal = {{BMC Proceedings}},
 doi = {10.1186/s12919-018-0154-5},
 howpublished = {refereed}
}
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